Subject to the agreement of the member association concerned andprovided the principles of these Laws are maintained, the Laws maybe modiﬁed in their application for matches for players of under 16years of age, for women footballers, for veteran footballers (over 35years) and for players with disabilities.Any or all of the following modiﬁcations are permissible:• size of the ﬁeld of play• size, weight and material of the ball• width between the goalposts and height of the crossbar from theground• duration of the periods of play• substitutionsFurther modiﬁcations are only allowed with the consent of the Inter-national Football Association Board.
Male and Female
References to the male gender in the Laws of the Game in respect ofreferees, assistant referees, players and ofﬁcials are for simpliﬁcationand apply to both males and females.
Throughout the Laws of the Game the following symbols are used:* Unless covered by the Special Circumstances listed in Law 8 – TheStart and Restart of PlaySingle line indicates new Law changes
NOTES ON THE LAWS OF THE GAME