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110 Trouble shooting and Adjusting Guide

110 Trouble shooting and Adjusting Guide



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Published by Quark's Corner
MaxFire 110 burning guide
MaxFire 110 burning guide

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Published by: Quark's Corner on May 29, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Basic Guidelines:
1) The stove does not react quickly to any changes made to it.2) When making any adjustments to the Trim Pot Knobs, only turn them 1 line/number at a time. Eachline/number represents a 6% increase or decrease change.3) After making any adjustments….DO NOT MAKE ANY OTHER ADJUSTMENTS FOR AT LEAST20 MINUTES!4) When first setting up a MaxFire for a proper burn, start out with the Trim Pot Knobs set at thea. Factory Presets, which are:Exhaust Fan: +/-0Feed Rate: +/-0This is a starting reference point for the stove but not necessarily the point at which the stove willperform at its best. (Start by leaving the exhaust fan knob on 0 and adjusting the feed rate).5) After about 10-15 minutes into the startup of the stove, you should watch the flame forcharacteristics of the burn. Watch the flame for 10 minute periods. During this time note the burncharacteristics as explained in the “Trim Pot Adjustment.”6) Characteristics of a Lean Burn are:a) Hard Clinkers (cookie, hockey puck, hamburger, biscuit, wafer for example.)b) An oscillating flame slowly graduating from a high to a low to a high to a low flame over aperiod of 3 to 8 minutes. (High flame decreasing to a low flame (5 min.) going to a highflame (5 min.) etc.c) A build up in only one side of the Burn Potd) The flame seemingly coming out one side of the Burn Pot only.NOTE: Colder air contains more oxygen per cubic foot of air than warmer air. A cold snap or suddenchange in the weather can cause the stove to run Lean and you may have to increase the FeedRate during this time.NOTE: The outside air temperature, the corn moisture content, the corn type and the conditions which itwas grown will all be factors in how the stove burns.7) Charasteristics of a Rich Burn are:a) An even build up in the Burn Pot.b) A darker, lazier flame.c) Excessive soot build up on the glass door.NOTE: Fuel build up on one side of the burn pot is a Lean Burn.Fuel build up evenly in the burn pot is a Rich Burn.
 How to adjust the Trim Pot Knobs
Both the Exhaust Fan Trim Pot knob and the Feed Rate Trim Pot knob accomplish the same thing BUT they work inverse to each other. Thus, if both trim pot knobs are turned in the same direction, they cancel each other's effect on the flame, therefore it is best and our recommendation to work with just the Feed Rate Trim Pot knob initially.
We suggest writing down the changes you make. This will remind you of what you have donelast and its' effect on the flame.A good burning flame will be yellowish in color and very lively.
Rich Burning Flame:
If the flame is consistent and the ash is slowly building up evenly in the bottom of the firepot, turn the feed rate knob down.
The flame will be orange in color - the darker the orange, the richer the flame.
It is best to adjust feed rate, one notch (6%) down at a time, to maintain flame control.This adds fuel less often thus "leaning" the flame out.
Moving the exhaust fan knob in the positive direction (adding more air) will have a similareffect, however we recommend making adjustments using the Feed Rate Trim Pot knobfor maximum performance.
If this is the case, the ash may be more of a black color instead of grey.
Lean Burning Flame:
If the flame varies from a very
small flame to a larger 
than normal flame, then the feedrate is too low or lean.
There may also be an ash buildup on ONE side of the burn pot.
The stove may go out at times. When this happens it may also give a #2 or a #2 & #3error indication.
The problem is that the stove is burning the available fuel at a rate faster than it is beingdelivered, burning down to a small flame and then as more fuel is delivered, the firebecomes larger than normal. To fix this, turn the feed rate trim pot knob up one notch(6%) positive at a time until the stove becomes consistent.
 It is most important to remember to wait 15 to 20 minutes betweenadjustments to allow the stove to stabilize at the new setting.
Trouble Shooting the Flame
You must first determine if the flame is rich or lean to aid in trouble shooting the problem.Besides trim pot adjustments, other things to look for are:Feed wheel has lifted off the back plate do to a buildup of fines or other material that may getunder the feed wheel. This will cause a rich flame.To remove the feed wheel, remove the four screws, springs and spacers and clean the areaunder the feed wheel.Set the feed wheel tension if necessary. See “115_Setting the Feeder Wheel Tension.”Check the upper burn plate gasket for air leaks. This is best done with an ash buildup on theupper burn plate. If you can see the upper burn plate any where around the perimeter, an air leakcould be possible. Air will blow the ash away from the perimeter of the upper burn plate thusshowing you the position of an air leak. This will cause a rich burn.Check the firebox door for a tight fit. Adjust the pawl on the door handle as necessary for a tightfit. Inspect the gasket around the door damage or any signs of leakage.It could be possible that there is an exhaust leak. An exhaust leak will cause the burn to be rich.To eliminate that the venting is the cause, pull the ask drawer out 5 or 6 inches. Allow the stove torun this way for 3 or 4 minutes. This will allow air from inside the house to be the combustion airfor the flame. Observe the flame during this time. The height of the flame is not important. If theflame becomes brighter and livelier, you most likely have venting problems. If there is no changein the flame, the venting system is most likely O.K. An exhaust leak comes from any exhaustleaking from the center 3 inch vent pipe into the larger 5 inch fresh combustion air vent pipe.Exhaust may also be drawn back into the stove at the termination cap do to the wind or thedeterioration of the termination cap.Make sure the stove is clean by checking the following items:The exhaust manifold at the bottom of the convection tubes. This area is about 3-1/2 inches deepat the bottom and behind the convection tubes. If it fills up it will cause the flame to run rich.There are 109 holes in the lower paddle. These must be open to affect a good flame.The convection tube cover plates must be installed properly. Correct if necessary.The bottom of the fuel deflector should be centered on the burn pot.

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