The climate change
An exclusive celebration occured at the top of the Greenland icecap on the12. july 1992, when the drill from the GRIP-project came to the surfaceand brought up not only ice, but also ground. The drilling had reached “land” 3.029 meters below, and revealed a part of Greenland undercompressed ice from 200 000 years ago .Ice from earlier drilling had forwards been analysed in Europeenlaboratories, giving amazing results. The conclusion was that our Earthcould change temperature incredible fast, based on analysis of deuterium(heavy water) from year to year. Abrubt temperature swinging, up ordown with 5-7 ºC over few decades, occured about twenty times insamples from the last glacial period, and similar incidents could clearly beseen in the previous heat period about 120.000 years ago. It looked likethe absence of such violent climate changes was an extreeme case withthe heat period since the last glacial period ended about 8000 b.c .
To find the explanations, the climatologist had to look at the greatregulators in Earth’s system. One of them was the Gulf Stream, normallykeeping the temperature in North-Atlantic Sea several degrees over thevalue it ordinarily should have. The Gulf stream was always at the risk of beeing cooled by icebergs, and this was the only explanation for thesudden periods of cold periods during last ice age. The historical proof wasthat one did not need human activities to change the climate.Gradually the sun was suspicted. It’s periods with
could possiblyanswer for some of the climat change effect, but far from all.
In 1995, Henrik Svensmark(Danish Space ResearchInstitute) discovered a startlingconnection between the cosmicray flux from space and the cloudcover. He found that when thesun is more active –moresunspots, a stronger magneticfield , larger auroras, strongersolar winds, etc.—fewer cosmicrays strike the earth and cloudcover is reduced, resulting inwarmer temperatures.Figure 2 shows the relationshipfound between low-level cloud