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Instrumentation Interview Question and Answers

Instrumentation Interview Question and Answers

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Published by: santoshumi on May 18, 2010
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07/21/2014

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Instrumentation InterviewQuestion and Answers
Can we use a control valve without positioner?
Control valve can not be without positioner. The purposeof the positioner is to control the control valve stroke soas to keep the valve in desired position. The positioner receives signal from the controller, and send theboosted signal to the actuator to reach the desiredposition as and when the valve reaches the desiredposition the positioner cuts the boosted signal to theactuator and keeps the position.
Why 4-20 mA signal is preferred over a 0-10Vsignal?
Generally in a transistor some amount of voltage isrequired for turning it on. This voltage is the cut involtage. Up to this voltage the exists a nonlinearity in itscharacteristics. Beyond this cut in voltage the char. of transistor is linear. This nonlinear region lays between 0-4ma, beyond 4ma it linear. This is why 4-20 ma range isused.
What is remote mount with MTA option? (In case of Dual Sensor Vortex Flowmeter, rosemount haswritten in its Catalog drawings)?
Remote mount with MTA means MTA connector for mounting remote connection.MTA is the Connector used for connection. Generally wecalled it MTA Connector.There are many types of MTA connector such as MTA100connectors, Mta 156 connectors etc...
How to write the program for single push button byusing Ladder diagram?
 
1. Create a Push button2. Connect a Counter series to PB3. Create a compare button4. Initialize 1 at one end5. Counter output in another 6. Connect the Coil which has to be energized7. Initialize 2 at one end8. Counter output in another 9. Connect the Coil which has to be reenergized.
Difference between DCS and PLC including dateprocessing and architecture.
If we have more I/o's in digital signals than analoguesignals normally we choose DCS....and vice versa
Re: Why we use 4 to 20 mA, (This is International Standard)instaed of this can we use 4-16, or 4-24 or 3- 15 or any other rangeAnswer
#5
the 4mA zero is termed a "live zero".If 0mA was the zeropoint there would be no way of tellingif the transducerwas reading zero or in a faultcondition eg. an open loop.with a 4mA zero an open loop woulddrive the indicator eg.a recorder into a minus figure (-25%).The 4 - 20mA scaleis to give a calibration points for 0-25-50-75-100%.Because the start point is 4 the stepsare 4mA.
 
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RichardMarks
 
Re: Why we use 4 to 20 mA, (This is International Standard) instaedof this can we use 4-16, or 4-24 or 3- 15 or any other rangeAnswer
#6
First the question is why can't we use3~15mA or otherrange, here also we can check livezero and also we can gostep current like 3,6,9,12,15(i.e0%,25%,50%,75%,100%).okThe reason is the transmitter voltage
0
Nagarajan.p
 
is 24Vdc , here wecan load max of 600 ohms, for thisvoltage & load betterrange is 4~20.Why 4 ~ 20 is better since we canconvert easily 1~5Vdc byput 250 ohms.All the controllers andDCS , PLCs are operatedby the input of 1~5Vdc (external orInternal convertion)
 
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24Yes
0 No 
Re: Why we use 4 to 20 mA, (This is International Standard) instaedof this can we use 4-16, or 4-24 or 3- 15 or any other rangeAnswer
#7
Answers 5 & 6 are totally correct..just adding another point.20 mA as upper value is used to keepelectrical componentsintrinsically safe at hazardous area.
 
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Samrat Kar
 
Re: Why we use 4 to 20 mA, (This is International Standard) instaedof this can we use 4-16, or 4-24 or 3- 15 or any other rangeAnswer
#8
Answers 5, 6 & 7 are correct. justwant 2 add that why cantwe use 3 mA current as lower value.The reason is that thereare many small noise signals that canbe picked up by oursignal wire which has the potential ofproviding upto 3 mAcurrent. So to be on the safe side todistinguish betweenour proper field signal and the noisepick-ups we use 4 mAas our lower value
 
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4Yes
1 No0
AnupRamteke
 
Re: Why we use 4 to 20 mA, (This is International Standard) instaed

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