(b) No person shall be discriminated against on account of race, color, sex, gender, sexual
orientation, place of birth, socio-economic class, origin, political religious belief, age or
Section 2 Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly and Petition
No law shall be enacted respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free
exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the
people to assemble peaceably, or the right to petition the Government for the redress of
Section 3 Right of Privacy
A person has the right to a reasonable expectation of privacy in the conduct of personal
affairs and communications and it shall not be infringed.
Section 4 Right to Know
A person shall have the right to examine any public document and to observe the
deliberation of any agency of government subject only to exceptions provided by law and
the right of individuals to privacy in their personal affairs.
Section 5 Searches and Seizures
A person shall have the right, subject only to warrant, to be secure in their person,
dwelling, papers, possessions and privacy, and such right shall not be abridged by
unreasonable search and seizure. No warrant for arrest or search shall be issued except
upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the
place to be searched, thing to be seized, or person to be arrested. Evidence obtained in
violation of the rights of the accused shall not be admissible as affirmative evidence
against the accused in a criminal trial.
Section 6 Rights of the Accused
(a) In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall be presumed innocent unless and until
proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, shall have the right to a speedy, public trial, and
trial by impartial jury, where the penalty may be imprisonment for more than six months;
to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to have the assistance of
counsel, and where the accused may be imprisoned, the assistance of counsel at public
expense, if necessary; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses, and to
confront the witnesses against the accused.
(b) Any person who is subjected to a custodial police interrogation shall, before he is
questioned, be advised that he has a right to remain silent, that any statement that he
makes may be used as evidence against him, and that he has the right to the presence of
an attorney, either retained or appointed.
(c) Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual
punishment inflicted. All persons shall be presumed to be bailable, and such presumption
shall be overcome only by a preponderance of the evidence, established by the
Government that the accused may flee the jurisdiction or that the granting of bail would
constitute a danger to the community.
(d) No person shall be twice put in jeopardy for the same offense or be compelled in any
criminal case to be a witness against himself. The failure of an accused to testify shall not
be taken into consideration or commented upon to the detriment of the accused.