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Introduction to the Pauline Letters- Wansbrough

Introduction to the Pauline Letters- Wansbrough

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Published by woodstockwoody
A straight forward study of the Pauline Letters, with a sound academic slant. It would be useful book in a group setting.
A straight forward study of the Pauline Letters, with a sound academic slant. It would be useful book in a group setting.

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Published by: woodstockwoody on May 19, 2010
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11/27/2012

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An Introduction to the Pauline Letters
Foreword
 This booklet was written for the fourth of the annual courses on Scripture sponsored by theUnion of Monastic Superiors. I am grateful to Sister Zoe
 
for suggesting this work, and to themonks and nuns who have constituted such a stimulating, faithful and appreciative group of students over the last three courses.I last wrote at any length on Paul in a booklet
Theology in Saint Paul 
(Mercier Press, Dublin,1969) which has long been out of print. Particularly in the last three years it has been stimulatingto tutor the subject in Oxford, which has forced me at last to make some real efforts to come togrips with the muscular theology of Romans. In this too I have learnt - and continue to learn - agreat deal from and with the students. Their questions and insights have contributed considerablyto this booklet.I would like to thank also the sisters of Turvey Abbey for the care and devotion lavished onillustration and production of the booklets for the course. It makes them a pleasure to use.Henry WansbroughFeast of the Conversion of Saint Paul, 19961
 
Contents
1. Luke's Portrait of Paul 32. The Lord Comes like a Thief in the Night 153. Slaves and Sons 294. Guide-lines for a Turbulent Community 405. Romans: The Problem, God's Justice - God's Anger 506. Romans 2: The Sacrifice of Christ 607. Romans 3: Christ and my Struggle 708. More Trouble at Corinth 779. A Summing up of Paul's Message 882
 
Chapter 1. Luke's Portrait of Paul
 Before approaching the letters of Paul it will be useful to establish an outline of the story of Paul's missions which form their background and context. This can be done only after aninvestigation into the Acts of the Apostles and Luke's way of writing history. The data of Paul'sletters and of the Acts are not identical. The letters, however, are the primary sources for theauthor's life and the Luke's story in the Acts is only a secondary source, so that in cases of factualdispute preference should be given to the letters.In his article on Paul in the
 New Jerome Biblical Commentary
J. Fitzmyer 
1
givesthe appearance of maintaining the traditional position, using the data of Acts,while in fact carefully leaving the two unreconciled by relating the data of Acts inthe present tense (dramatic!) and the data of Paul's writings in the past (historic!)tense.In fact Luke is a good historian, but that this does not necessarily imply that he writes accordingto the modern canons of historical writing. He is a historian of his own times, and uses theconventions then current. It will therefore first be important to understand how Luke writeshistory.
1. Basics - the Traditional Data
 Before we go any further, it will be useful to have firmly in mind two traditional sets of data:
A. Paul's life according to the Acts
c.
36
Conversion46-49 First Missionary Journey (southern Turkey)49 Council of Jerusalemc.
52
Second Missionary Journey (Asia Minor & Greece)Third Missionary Journey (Greece & Asia Minor)58 Arrest in Jerusalem60 Journey to Rome62 Release at Rome - [further missionary journeys to East and Spain64 Martyrdom in Rome during Nero's persecution]The evidence for the two ‘firm’ dates given here (36 and 52 A.D.) is as follows:36 The date of Pilate's withdrawal from Palestine on the orders of the governor of Syria.Since a capital sentence was reserved to the Roman governor, it is assumed that the martyrdomof Stephen took place in the interregnum between governors, because only then could the localgovernment get away with passing such a sentence. Luke states that the witnesses laid their clothes at the feet of Saul, who fully approved of the killing (Ac 7.59-8.1). If this is not a mereliterary artifice - a decision which depends on one's view of Luke's way of writing history - itshows that Stephen's martyrdom preceded Paul's conversion. The alternative explanation is that3
1
(London, Geoffrey Chapman, 1990) Article 79, 'Paul'

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