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TOIEC Grammar - Adverbs

TOIEC Grammar - Adverbs

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Published by: silly witch on May 19, 2010
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TOEIC Grammar 
GLOBAL EDUCATION VIETNAM
www.globaledu.com.vn
 
Sponsored by:
1
ADVERBS1. Introduction
An adverb usually modifies a verb or a verb phrase and provides information about the manner
(cách th
ức)
,time
(th
ời gian)
, place
(nơi chốn)
or circumstances of the activity
(tình hu
ống của hành động)
or state
(tr
ạng thái)
denoted by the verb or verb phrase. It can also modify an adjective or another adverb.
He walked slowly. (The adverb ‘
slowly
’ modifies the verb ‘
walked
’.)
He spoke quite loudly. (The adverb ‘
quite
’ modifies the adverb ‘
loudly
’.)
It was a very delightful function. (The adverb ‘
very
’ modifies the adjective ‘
delightful
’.)
2. Formation of Adverbs
Most
adverbs
are formed by adding
-ly
to their corresponding
adjectives
.Examples are: kindly (kind), slowly (slow), hardly (hard), sweetly (sweet) etc.
She is very
beautiful
(adjective)
.
 
She is
beautifully
(adverb) dressed.
He is a
strange
(adjective) person.
He behaved
strangely
(adverb).
Points to be noted 
1.
If the adjective ends in
-y
, replace it with
-i
and then add
-ly.Adjective Adverb
happyangryluckyhappilyangrilyluckily
2.
If the adjective ends in
-able, -ible,
or
-le
, replace the
-e
with
-y
.
Adjective Adverb
probablegentlehumbleprobablygentlyhumbly
 
TOEIC Grammar 
GLOBAL EDUCATION VIETNAM
www.globaledu.com.vn
 
Sponsored by:
2
3.
If the adjective ends in
-ic
, add
-ally
.
Adjective Adverb
basiceconomicbasicallyeconomically
Note:
This rule, however, has an exception. The adverb formed from
public
is
publicly,
and
not
publically.
4
. Some adverbs have the
same form
as the adjective:
Adjective/Adverb
earlyfasthardhighlatenearstraightwrongCompare:
It is a
fast
car.
He drives very
fast
.
 
This is a
hard
exercise.
He works
hard
.
We saw many
high
buildings.
The bird flew
high
in the sky.
3. Adjectives or Adverbs? Confusing cases
Some words ending in
-ly
are adjectives, and not normally adverbs.Common examples are: costly, cowardly, deadly, friendly, likely, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly and unlikely.
She has a
lovely
daughter.
Don't be
silly.
 
It was a
lively
discussion.
 
TOEIC Grammar 
GLOBAL EDUCATION VIETNAM
www.globaledu.com.vn
 
Sponsored by:
3
4. Kinds of Adverbs
1. Adverbs of Certainty2. Adverbs of Degree3. Adverbs of Indefinite Frequency4. Adverbs of Manner5. Adverbs of Place6. Adverbs of Time and Definite Frequency
4.1. Adverbs of CertaintyAdverbs of certainty (Tr
ạng từ chỉ độ chắc chắn)
 
express how certain
(nh
ất định)
or sure
(ch
ắc chắn)
wefeel about an action or event.Common adverbs of certainty: certainly, definitely, probably, undoubtedly, clearly, obviously etc.
He is
undoubtedl 
y
a great leader.
There is
clearly 
 
something wrong.
She is
definitely 
 
taller than you.
Position 
Adverbs of certainty go before the main verb but after the verb 'to be':
He
definitely 
 
left the house this morning.
He is
probably 
in the park.With other auxiliary verb, these adverbs go between the auxiliary and the main verb:
He has
certainly 
forgotten the meeting.
He will
 
probably 
remember tomorrow.Sometimes these adverbs can be placed at the beginning of the sentence:
 
Undoubtedly 
, Winston Churchill was a great politician.
Exceptions 
Perhaps
and
may be
are exceptions to this rule. They usually go at the beginning of a clause.
 
Perhap 
s
she will come.
 
May be 
 
you are right.

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