How to Prepare the Rice Field
Prepare the rice field properly
Timeliness and quality of land preparation are criticalfactors for good growth and yield of rice. Rice fields can beprepared using wetland or dryland tillage, or a combinationof both. The kind of land preparation to be used dependson water supply, power source, and type of soil.
: soil is tilled in saturated or flooded conditionusing a hand tractor or mini tractor.
: soil is tilled in dry condition usually using alarge four-wheel tractor mounted with rotary or multiple discplow, disc harrow, and other implements.Below are the steps in preparing rice fields through acombination of dryland and wetland tillage techniques.
Initial land preparation using dryland tillage
Plow the field immediately after harvest or after thesoilhas dried enough using a four-wheel tractor mountedwith a rotary or multiple trailing disc plow to aerate thesoil, reduce weeds and other pests, and incorporateorganic materials into the soil.2.
Re-plowing/rotavation and side plowing
Two days before re-plowing/rotavating, irrigate thefield until saturated to soften it and allow weed seedsand dropped rice seeds to germinate.Re-plow or rotavate the field using a hand tractor or20-40 hp four-wheel tractor, respectively, 21 daysbefore transplanting/direct-seeding (DBT/S) to breakbig soil clods, turn over the soil, and incorporateorganic materials into the soil.Conduct side plowing (at least two passes) using a handtractor or moldboard plow pulled by a carabao afterre-plowing or re-rotavating to break and turn over thesoil near the dikes.
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A four-wheel handtractor can be used to break big soilclods, turn over the soil, and incorporate organicmaterials into the soil.Proper leveling of the field facilitates the managementof weeds, water, and golden apple snail. It alsomaximizes efficiency of fertilizer applied in the field.
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