The previous studies recommend that a successful assessment system should focus on promoting a healthy competition and prevent undue emergence of stress related toantagonism. One question which often poses obstacle in designing the appraisalsystem relates to orientation issue as to whether the system should be formative or summative in characteristic. One school of thought suggests that both the purposes areacceptable; however the system should not be designed including both the purposessimultaneously. While an opposite view recommends the acceptability of both,formative and summative purposes in the single system. As per an empirical research,it has been discovered that in developed countries like USA, UK and New Zealand,the formative purposes prevail over the summative purposes with the former beingacknowledged with the wider acceptance by the teachers and principals. In the context of Singaporian education system, the performance appraisal systemcontains a lethal amalgamation of both the purposes, formative and summative. In thelight of the above, the prime goal of this research is rooted in the investigation of theextent to which an amalgamated system of evaluation is imperative, to prevent unduestruggle and antagonism, and to promote the healthy spirit of competition within theteachers’ community.
2.2.Impartial evaluation system
In this report, an attempt will be made to investigate the fairness level of the teachers'evaluation system as any evaluation process should be fair and just in order to retainits effectiveness. Cardy and Dobbins (1994) stated that with "feelings of unfairness in process and inequity in evaluations, any appraisal system will be doomed to failure".Generally, teachers readily accept the appraisal systems if they view it in the contextof “usefulness and fairness”. Previous studies highlighted the negative response to theappraisal systems, received by the teachers, as the evaluation was highly subjective innature, the criteria selected did not match with the requisite teaching standards , duerights of teachers were not fully protected, and the outcomes of the evaluation werenot in line with the actual performance.2.3.
A Clear understanding of evaluation criteria
An important issues which make a teacher appraisal a difficult task is the evaluationof multiple intangible aspects that a teaching profession encompasses . Locke and