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ICRC operations in 2009: A few facts, figures and results

ICRC operations in 2009: A few facts, figures and results

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Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on May 19, 2010
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91
   I   C   R   C   o   p   e   r   a   t   i   o   n   s   i   n   2   0   0   9   :   a   f   e   w    f   a   c   t   s ,   f   i   g   u   r   e   s   a   n   d   r   e   s   u   l   t   s
PRESENCE
In 2009,the ICRC was present in more than 80 countries throughdelegations,sub-delegations,offices and missions.Its delegationsand missions were distributed throughout the world as follows:Africa
27
Asia and the Pacific
14
Europe and the Americas
27
Middle East and North Africa
12
PERSONNEL
The average number ofICRC staffin 2009 was as follows:
Headquarters:846
Field: expatriates
Expatriates1,35National Society staff143National staffon temporary mission1
Field: national staff 9,991
Field:total
1
11,507
Final total12,353
FINANCE
ICRC expenditure in 2009
In millionHeadquarters CHF 174.2USD 160.6EUR 115.5Field CHF 942.9 USD 869.2EUR 625.2The sub-total comes to CHF 1,117.1 million,from which field overheads (CHF 56.8 million) must be deducted in orderto reach the final total.
Final total:CHF 1,060.3USD 977.4EUR 703.1
10 largest operations in 2009 in terms ofexpenditure
In million1IraqCHF 85.7USD 79.0EUR 56.92SudanCHF 77.4USD 71.4EUR 51.33PakistanCHF 76.8USD 70.8EUR 51.04AfghanistanCHF 75.3USD 69.4EUR 50.05Israel and the Occupied TerritoriesCHF 64.7USD 59.7EUR 42.96Congo,Democratic Republic oftheCHF 60.6USD 55.9EUR 40.27SomaliaCHF 48.8USD 45.0EUR 32.48ColombiaCHF 34.6USD 31.9EUR 22.99Sri LankaCHF 30.9USD 28.5EUR 20.510ChadCHF 27.8USD 25.7EUR 18.5
Exchange rates:USD 1.00 = CHF 1.0848;EUR 1.00 = CHF 1.50801.This figure does not include an average of1,350 daily workers hiredby the ICRC in the field
 
92
ICRC OPERATIONS IN 2009:A FEW FACTS AND FIGURES
92
 VISITS TO DETAINEES
ICRC delegates visited
479,669 detainees
,
43,152
ofwhomwere monitored individually (2,882 women;1,759 minors),heldin
1,890 places ofdetention
in
74 countries
and in
4 differentinternational courts
.Ofthis number,
28,170 detainees
(2,425 women;1,486 minors) were registered and visited forthe first time in 2009.With support provided by the ICRC,
28,079 detainees
benefitedfrom
family visits
.A total of23,473 detention attestations were issued.
RESTORING FAMILY LINKS
The ICRC collected
253,764
and distributed
254,960 Red Crossmessages
,thus enabling members offamilies separated as aresult ofarmed conflict,disturbances or tensions to exchangenews.Among these messages,
71,921
were collected from and
70,833
distributed to
detainees
.In addition,
12,054 phone calls
were facilitated between family members,often between detaineesand their relatives.The ICRC also made
12,971 phone calls
tofamilies to inform them ofthe whereabouts ofa detained relativevisited by its delegates.The ICRC registered
2,294 unaccompanied/separated children
(598 girls),including
656 demobilized children
(10 girls)during 2009.Once their families had been located and withthe agreement ofthe children and their relatives,it organized thereunification of 
1,025 children
(272 girls) with their families.
By the end ofthe year,the cases of 
1,698 unaccompanied/separated
children
(including
272 demobilized children
) were still beinghandled,which involved tracing their relatives,maintainingcontacts between the children and their families,organizing
family reunification and/or identifying another long-term solution
for the children concerned.The ICRC established the
 whereabouts of4,128 people
forwhom tracing requests had been filed by their families.The ICRCwebsite www.familylinks.icrc.org allowed the
publication of 83,093 names
ofpeople wishing to contact relatives and friends orbeing sought by their relatives.At the end ofthe year,the ICRCwas still taking action to locate
45,605 people
(3,951 women;5,009 minors at the time ofdisappearance) for their families.The ICRC
reunited 1,063 people
(including 1,025 minors)with their families.It organized the
transfer or repatriation of 15,334 people
,including
120 detainees after their release
.It alsoorganized the transfer or repatriation of 
784 sets ofhumanremains
.It issued
travel documents
that enabled
4,152 people
to return to their home countries or to settle in a host country.It relayed
3,790 official documents
ofvarious types betweenfamily members across borders and front lines.A total of 
932,905 people
contacted ICRC offices worldwidefor services or advice regarding issues related to protection andfamily links.
 ASSISTANCE
In 2009,the ICRC ran assistance programmes in
47 countries
.The bulk ofthe work was carried out in Afghanistan,Chad,Côte d’Ivoire,the Democratic Republic ofthe Congo,Georgia,Iraq,Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory,Pakistan,the Philippines,the Russian Federation,Sri Lanka,Somalia,Sudan,Uganda and Zimbabwe.
 ASSISTANCE SUPPLIES
In 2009,the ICRC purchased or received as contributions in kind the following assistance supplies:In millionFood items88,515 tonnesCHF 69Seed4,847 tonnesCHF 6Essential household items23,217 tonnesCHF 57
Including:885,736 blankets 9,034 tents 366,643 tarpaulins 262,314 kitchen sets 230,945 hygiene kits 1,183 tonnes ofclothing 
Medical and physical rehabilitation itemsCHF 35Water and habitat itemsCHF 16
TOTALCHF183USD168EUR121
Exchange rates:USD 1.00 = CHF 1.0848;EUR 1.00 = CHF 1.5080
 
93
ICRC ANNUAL REPORT 2009
ECONOMIC SECURITY 
During the year,ICRC activities to ensure economic security,often implemented together with host National Societies,directly benefited households and communities in
37 countries
worldwide.More than
4,068,000 internally displaced people
,
returnees
,
residents
(in general,people living in rural areasand/or areas difficult to reach owing to insecurity and/or lack of infrastructure) and
people deprived oftheir freedom
receivedaid in the form of 
food
and
4,488,000
in the form of 
essentialhousehold and hygiene items
.Around
23% and 16%
ofthebeneficiaries offood and essential household and hygiene itemsrespectively were
IDPs
,around
27% and 26%
respectively were
 women
and around
49% and 49%
respectively 
children
.In addition,some
2,931,000 people
(ofwhom around
46%
were
IDPs
) benefited from livelihood support through
sustainablefood-production programmes
or
micro-economic initiatives
.These included various response mechanisms ranging fromthe rehabilitation oftraditional irrigation systems to small-scalecommunity-based cash-for-work and livestock-management/support projects.
WATER AND HABITAT
In 2009,the ICRC
expatriate and national engineers
and
technicians
were involved in water,sanitation and constructionwork in
39 countries
.These projects catered for the needs of some
14,249,000 people
worldwide (IDPs,returnees,residents –in general,people living in rural areas and/or areas difficultto reach owing to insecurity and/or lack ofinfrastructure – andpeople deprived oftheir freedom).Around
32%
and
41%
ofthebeneficiaries were
 women
and
children
respectively.
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
During the year,the ICRC regularly supported
268 hospitals
and
373 other health care facilities
around the world.An estimated
5,587,000 people
(
50%
women;
31%
children) benefited fromICRC-supported health care facilities.
Community health
programmes were implemented in
20 countries
,in many caseswith National Society participation.More than
25,500 weapon-wounded
and
143,300 non-weapon- wounded
(surgical) patients were admitted to ICRC-supportedhospitals in
19 countries
where more than
161,400 surgicaloperations
were performed.In these hospitals,more than
332,000 other patients
were treated,including
129,100
women and
girls receiving
gynaecological/obstetric
care.Some
1.24 millionpeople
were treated as outpatients.The ICRC regularly supported
33 first-aid posts
located near combat zones,which providedemergency treatment,mainly for weapon-wounded patients.
CARE FOR THE DISABLED
ICRC physical rehabilitation technicians provided support to
82 centres
in
23 countries
,enabling
182,712 patients
(including
32,479
women and
47,502
children) to receive services.A total of 
8,821 new patients were fitted with prostheses
and
20,148 with
orthoses
.The centres produced and delivered
20,057 prostheses
(including
2,741
for women and
1,092
for children;
7,138
for minevictims) and
42,279 orthoses
(including
7,166
for women and
23,373
for children;
535
for mine victims).In addition,
2,652 wheelchairs
and
26,860 crutches and sticks
weredistributed,most ofthem locally manufactured.Training of local staffwas a priority in order to ensure sustainable servicesfor patients.
WEAPON CONTAMINATON
Throughout the year,the Weapon Contamination Sectorprovided operational support to delegations,National Societiesand political authorities in
22 contexts
(19 delegations).The Sector also worked with the UN and NGOs to furtherdevelop and strengthen international mine-action standardsand coordination.
FORENSICS SERVICES
During 2009,the ICRC’s forensic services supported fieldoperations in more than
40 countries
in all regions,to helpprevent and resolve cases ofmissing persons,including inemergencies.Activities consisted mainly ofpromoting andsupporting the implementation offorensic best practice for theproper and dignified recovery,management and identification of human remains in armed conflict,other situations ofviolenceand natural disaster.In addition,a variety ofinternal and externaltraining,dissemination and networking activities,includingfor National Societies,were conducted to build countries’capaci-ties to deal with the problem and to raise general awareness of the issue.
ICRC COOPERATION WITH NATIONAL SOCIETIES
The aim ofthe ICRC’s cooperation with National Societies isto strengthen operational relationships and dialogue withMovement partners,for the greater benefit ofpeople affected by armed conflict and internal strife.In the vast majority ofthe countries where the ICRC operates,it does so in partnership with National Societies in their owncountries and with the support ofNational Societies workinginternationally.Overall,it is estimated that more than
one thirdofthe ICRC’s operational activities are carried out in coopera-tion with the National Society ofthe country concerned
.As part ofthis relationship,the ICRC also contributed to boosting
the capacity ofthese National Societies.A total of 
CHF 82.0 million
was spent to help National Societies in their own countriesstrengthen their capacity to carry out their own activities and topartner with the ICRC wherever possible.This included:
CHF 37.0 million
for their
preparedness
and activitiesrelating to
health
,
reliefassistance
and activities to
reduce the impact ofweapon contamination on peopleCHF 30.1 million
for their
 work to promote andspread knowledge ofIHL
and to support them aseffective members ofthe Movement networkin
respecting the Fundamental PrinciplesCHF 14.9 million
for their work to restore
family links
,including responding to needs resulting from naturaldisasters,in conformity with the Restoring Family LinksStrategy for the Movement

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