Social challenges -
Social challenges include land conflicts with the community,activities of the community members and damages by domestic animals.According to Nicolas and Beebe (1999), many plantation fires arise from disputesover land ownership. They also added that burning by farmers in preparation of land for farming usually results in wild fires. Hirst (2007) also added that huntingactivities may damage plantations.
Economic challenges –
Due to economic hardships many households have become relatively poor. Because of poverty people are doing whatever it takes tolive and this is the reason why some of the individuals have turned to timber poaching. Some people who are desperately looking for employment deliberately burn plantations to create employment in the fire suppression and subsequentreplanting.
Environmental challenges -
The unpredictable weather and climatic conditionsimpose a great threat on the plantations. The location and terrain of the plantations make it difficult to protect them from fire, animals and poachers.
Political challenges -
In many cases political violence poses great threat on thesecurity of the plantation. Political activists sometimes burn plantations for political reasons. Replanting is also disturbed on situations where workers areforced not to go for work so as to attend to some political meetings.
Legal challenges -
Changes in rules and regulations have a negative impact onthe timber production. The policies that are meant to protect plantations are doingvery little if any to protect them from damages.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Companies in the timber industry have been facing low production output since year 2006. The Wattle Company bought new machinery, divisionalised its operations andtrained its employees with the hope to increase output but to no avail. There seem to be some challenges in the management of plantation security systems and theresearcher seeks to evaluate these challenges
CHAPANDA KUDAKWASHE GRACIOUS R0645087 DISSERTATION 2010