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Deret tribolistrik

Deret tribolistrik

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Published by: jenarang on May 21, 2010
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03/18/2013

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Deret benda yang menunjukkan bahwa benda akan memperoleh muatan negatif bila digosokdengan sembarang benda di atasnya, dan akan memperoleh muatan positif bila digosok denganbenda di bawahnya.dinamakan deret tribolistrik. Deret Tribolistrik1. Bulu kelinci, 2. Gelas, 3. Mika, 4. Wol, 5. Bulu kucing, 6. Sutra, 7. Kapas, 8. Kayu, 9. BatuAmbar, 10. Damar, 11. Logam(Cu,Ni,Ag), 12. Belerang, 13. Logam(Pt,Au), 14. Seluloid
TRIBOELECTRIC SERIES
W. Beaty 1995
Air (*?)Human Hands <---- Most PositiveAsbestosRabbit FurGlassMicaHuman HairNylonWoolFurLeadSilkAluminumPaperCotton ZEROSteelWoodAmberSealing WaxHard RubberNickel, CopperBrass, SilverGold, PlatinumSulfurAcetate, RayonPolyesterStyrene (Styrofoam)OrlonSaranPolyurethanePolyethylenePolypropyleneVinyl (PVC)SiliconTeflon <----- Most Negative
 
TriboElectricSeries
The
triboelectric series
is a list that ranks various materials according to their tendency to gain or lose electrons. Itusually lists materials in order of decreasing tendency to charge positively (lose electrons), and increasing tendency tocharge negatively (gain electrons). Somewhere in the middle of the list are materials that do not show strong tendencyto behave either way. Note that the tendency of a material to become positive or negative after triboelectric charging hasnothingto do with the level of conductivity(or ability to discharge) of the material.  Due to complexities involved in experiments that involve controlled charging of materials, different researcherssometimes getdifferentresults in determining the rank of a material in the triboelectric series. One of the reasons for thisis the multitude of factors and conditions that affect a material's tendency to charge. The triboelectric series shown inTable 1 is a product of the collation of several widely-used triboelectric series published on the web. 
Table 1.
The Triboelectric Series
Most Positive (+)
Air 
+++
 
+
Human Hands, SkinAsbestosRabbit Fur GlassHuman Hair MicaNylonWoolLeadCat Fur SilkAluminumPaper Cotton
 
Steel
-
 
- - -
WoodLuciteSealing WaxAmber Rubber BalloonHard Rubber Mylar NickelCopper Silver uv ResistBrassSynthetic Rubber Gold, PlatinumSulfur Acetate, RayonPolyester CelluloidPolystyreneOrlon, AcrylicCellophane TapePolyvinylidene chloride (Saran)PolyurethanePolyethylenePolypropylenePolyvinylchloride (Vinyl)Kel-F (PCTFE)SiliconTeflonSilicone Rubber 
Most Negative (-)
 
 
TriboElectric Table
Column 1 (this col.): Insulator name. Col.2: Charge affinity innC/J (nano ampsec/wattsec of friction). Col.3: Chargeacquired if rubbed with metal (W=weak, N=normal, or consistent with the affinity). Col.4: Notes.AffinitynC/JMetaleffect
Triboelectric Table
Tests were performed by Bill Lee (Ph.D., physics). ©2009 by AlphaLab, Inc.(TriField.com), which also manufactured the test equipment used. This table may be reproduced only if reproduced in whole.Polyurethane foam+60+NAll materials are good insulators (>1000 T ohm cm) unless noted.Sorbothane+58-WSlightly conductive. (120 G ohm cm).Box sealing tape (BOPP)+55+WNon-sticky side. Becomes more negative if sanded down to the BOPP film.Hair, oily skin+45+NSkin is conductive. Cannot be charged by metal rubbing.Solid polyurethane, filled+40+NSlightly conductive. (8 T ohm cm).Magnesium fluoride (MgF2)+35+NAnti-reflective optical coating.Nylon, dry skin+30+NSkin is conductive. Cannot be charged by metal rubbing.Machine oil+29+NNylatron (nylon filled with MoS
2
) +28+NGlass (soda)+25+NSlightly conductive. (Depends on humidity).Paper (uncoated copy)+10-WMost papers & cardboard have similar affinity. Slightly conductive.Wood (pine)+7-WGE brand Silicone II (hardens in air)+6+NMore positive than the other silicone chemistry (see below).Cotton+5+NSlightly conductive. (Depends on humidity).Nitrile rubber+3-WWool0-WPolycarbonate-5-WABS-5-NAcrylic (polymethyl methacrylate) and adhesive side of clear carton-sealing and office tape-10-NSeveral clear tape adhesives are have an affinity almost identical to acrylic,even though various compositions are listed.Epoxy (circuit board)-32-NStyrene-butadiene rubber (SBR, Buna S)-35-NSometimes inaccurately called "neoprene" (see below).Solvent-based spray paints-38-NMay vary.PET (mylar) cloth-40-WPET (mylar) solid-40+WEVA rubber for gaskets, filled-55-NSlightly conductive. (10 T ohm cm). Filled rubber will usually conduct.Gum rubber-60-NBarely conductive. (500 T ohm cm).Hot melt glue-62-NPolystyrene-70-NPolyimide-70-NSilicones (air harden & thermoset, but
not 
GE)-72-NVinyl: flexible (clear tubing)-75-NCarton-sealing tape (BOPP), sanded down -85-NRaw surface is very + (see above), but close to PP when sanded.Olefins (alkenes): LDPE, HDPE, PP-90-NUHMWPE is below. Against metals, PP is more neg than PE.Cellulose nitrate-93-NOffice tape backing (vinyl copolymer ?) -95-N

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