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Vehicle Monitoring System

Vehicle Monitoring System

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Published by Anirudha Mhase
A complete report on VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM which is an Embedded system.
A complete report on VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM which is an Embedded system.

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Published by: Anirudha Mhase on May 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/08/2012

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VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM
E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE
1 |Page 
I
 NDEX
 
CONTENTS PAGE No.
CertificateAcknowledgement
i
Preface
3
List of Figures
4
List of symbols and Abbreviations
4
Abstract
5
Chapter-1 Introduction
6
Chapter-2 Literature Survey
8
2.1 Smart Card
9
2.2 Radio Frequency Identification
16
2.3 Pollution Sensor
21
2.4 Wireless communication using GSM
23
2.5 Microcontroller
24
Chapter-3 Block Diagram and Methodology
28
Block Diagram
29
3.1 Vehicle unit
30
3.2 Server unit
35
3.3 Traffic Signal unit
36
Chapter-4 Hardware Design
37
4.1 Power supply
38
4.2 Oscillator Circuit
39
 
VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM
E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE
2 |Page 
4.3 Reset Circuit
40
4.4 LCD interfacing to microcontroller
41
4.5 Relay Interfacing and DriverCircuitry
42
4.6 Memory Interfacing
43
4.7 MAX-232 interfacing tomicrocontroller
45
4.8 Pollution sensor interfacing tomicrocontroller
46
Chapter-5 Software Design
47
5.1 WinAVRGCC
48
5.2 AVR studio
49
5.3 PonyProg
49
5.4 Visual Basic
49
5.5 ExpressPCB
52
Chapter-6 Flowchart
53
Chapter-7 Testing and troubleshooting
57
Chapter-8 Conclusion and Future scope
59
Annexure
 
Annexure-I Circuit Diagram
62
Annexure-II PCB Art Work and layout
63
Annexure-III Component list and Total cost
67
Annexure-IV Datasheets
69
 
VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM
E&TC Department R.S.C.O.E, PUNE
3 |Page 
P
REFACE 
 
Nowadays vehicle monitoring and traffic control have become very tedious andinefficient job due to many loop holes present in the existing system. Due to Human interactionat each and every phase reduces the efficiency of the system. Also because of greediness of human nature there is a lot of corruption. Absence of central controlling server to maintainREAL TIME DATABASE which can be really useful to monitor each and every vehicle anddriver. As number of vehicles have increased drastically it is practically impossible to check every vehicle for pollution control. Moreover, due to insufficient man power it is impossible tomonitor Traffic violation viz. Signal breaking, driving without Valid License etc. Hence, theabove discussion has inspired the development of VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUTION
This chapter clearly distinguishes the current existing system and proposed system tomonitor the vehicle and also gives brief description about the inspired system.
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE SURVEY
This chapter is based on the extensive survey which was carried out before proceeding todesign the system. It covers all the different types of smart cards, RFID reader, RFID tags,Pollution sensor available in the market and there brief description
CHAPTER 3: BLOCK DIAGRAM AND METHODOLY
After the survey Block diagram for the system was prepared and methodology to be usedwas finalized. This chapter covers the same with detailed description and cause of the block usedin the system
CHAPTER 4: HARDWARE DESIGN
This chapter covers the detailed description and design of the circuit diagram of thesystem. It also covers selection criteria and interfacing of the components to microcontroller
CHAPTER 5: SOFTWARE DESIGN
This chapter gives the idea about different software utilized to program themicrocontroller and to prepare GUI for the user.
CHAPTER 6: FLOWCHART
Flowchart is the graphical representation of the flow of program. Hence, this chapterdescribes the same.
CHAPTER-7: TESTING AND TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter gives the detailed description of various faults which occurred during thedesign of the system and provides with necessary troubleshooting method

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