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Pom Assignment

Pom Assignment

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Published by: nishtha on May 21, 2010
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06/15/2010

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ASSIGNMENT
Q1 Explain the various automated systems for transfer of materials in theproduction plant? Illustrate your answer by considering an example of anautomobile showroom?Ans:
Basically, automation system comes to reduce labour power and time in the production. Here we can see the evolution systems with some examples. The goodsrequited by society were produces in small quantities by craftsman who would know theneed of the community and produced them by their own hands with simple tools. Theapprentices or by another craftsman, who would make them to meet the requests made.The parts and components used to make these machines had to be replaced when theywore making parts so that interchangeability was achieved made setting up standards andspecifications important for meetingThe craftsmen gave way to engineers, workers, superiors and inspectors. Division of labour became necessary to achieve efficiencies and the jabs that became specialized.Competition has necessitated improved quality, reduced sates and better services to thecustomer.Automation systems cost huge sums of money and therefore a deep analysis of thevarious factors has to be done. For services, automation usually means labour savingdevices in education, long distance learning technology helps in supplementing classroom instruction. The facilitating goods that are used are web site and videos.Automation in the banking sector has resulted in ATMs which same the banks a hugeamount customer satisfaction. Automation is ideas when the service provided or the product manufactured is highly standardized.Some extent of automation can be designed even with customization i. e. product or service a meant to produce or deliver low volume specific to a requirement. Theadvantages of automation is it has low variability and will be more consistent on arepetitive basisThe machines have sensing and control devices that enable them to operate automobile.The simplest of them called machine attachments replace human effort. They guide,locate, move and achieve revise position by means of came, optical sensing. Load sensingmechanisms and activate the controls to remove human intention.Robots are higher in the order of automation as they perform a variety of tasks. They aredesigned to move movements according to programmers written into the computer thatinside them.With the help of automation, inspection of component can be done 100% ensures highestquality identification and movement of materials are helped by bar codes which are read
 
and fed into the system far monitoring quantity, location, movement etc. They help theautomated systems to start information and provide information for effecting any changesnecessary. To make effective use of automated machines, we need to have the movementof materials from and to different time as stores, automated, Automated storage andRetrieval systems- ASRS- receive orders for materials from anywhere in the productionarea, collect materials in the works times. Computers and information systems are usedfor placing orders for matters, give commands adjust inventory records which show thelocation and quantity of materials needed.Automated guided vehicle systems- AGVS – are pallet trucks and unit load carriersfollow embedded guide wires or paint strips to destinations as programmed.In an automobile showroom we can see all the work automatically with latest machine
Q2. State the important considerations for locating an automobile plant? Collectinformation on layout planning of an automobile plant from various sources andfurnish the same.Ans :
To locate an automobile company or plant many thing should be consider. For anautomobile plant automated flaw lines, automated assembly lines, flexible manufacturingsystems, global transition rapid prototyping. Building manufacturing flexibility things arenecessity.About the automated flow lines we can say it is a machine which is linked by a transfer system which moves the parts by using handling machines which are also automated, wehave an automated flow line.Human intervention ma is needed to verify that the operations ate taking place accordingto standards. When these cab be achieved with the help of automation and the processesare conducted with self regulation, we will have automated flow lines established.In fixed automation or hard automation, where one component is manufactured usingservices operations and machines it is possible to achieve this condition. We assume that product life cycles are sufficiently stable to interest heavily on the automate flow lines toachieve reduces cast per unit.Product layouts ate designed so that the assembly tasks are performed in the sequencethey are designed at each station continuously. The finished item came out at the end of the line.In automated assembly lines the moving pallets move the materials from station to stationand moving arms pick up parts, place them at specified place and system them by perusing, riveting, & crewing or even welding. Sensors will keep track of there activitiesand move the assembles to the next stage.The machines are arranged in a sequence to perform operations according to the technicalrequirements.
 
The tools are loaded, movements are effected, speeds controlled automatically withoutthe need for worker’s involvement.The flexibility leads to better utilization of the equipments. It reduces the numbers of systems and rids in reduction of investment as well as a space needed to install them. Oneof the major cancers of modern manufacturing systems is to be able to respond to marketDemands which have uncertainties.Prototyping is a process by which a new product is developed in small number so as todetermine the suitability of the materials, study the various methods of manufactured,type of machinery required and develop techniques to over come problems that my beencountered when full scale manufacture is undertaken.Prototypes do meet the specification of the component that enters a product and performance can be measured on these.It helps in con be reforming the design and any shortcomings can be rectified at low cost.Flexibility has three dimensions in the manufacturing field. They are variety, volume andtime. There demands will have to be satisfied. In that sense they become constraintswhich restrict the maximization of productivity. Every business will have to meet themarket demands of its various products in variety volumes of different time.Flexibility is also needed to be able to develop new products or make improvements inthe products fast enough to cater to shifting marker needs.Manufacturing systems have flexibility built into them to enable organization meet globaldemand. You have understood how the latest trends in manufacturing when implementedhelp firms to stay a head in business.
Q3 . Who are the players in a project management? What are the various roles andresponsibilities of the players in a project management?Ans :
At first we will discuss about project management then we will discuss about players in project management. Project management is the practice of controlling the useof resources, such as cost, time manpower, hardware and software involved in a project.That starts with a problem statement and end with delivery of a complete product.Here we will see the participants of project management:In the project management players individual and organizations both are involved-That is actively involved in the project whose interests may be affected by the outcome of the project.Exert influence over the project and its results players or also called “stake holders’’ of the project

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