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Failure Theories

Failure Theories

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Explains Failure Theories - Basic Level
Explains Failure Theories - Basic Level

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Published by: Madhan Krishnamurthy on May 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/15/2013

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A Pressure Vessel
 
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The Shady Visions Sunglass Co. has askedyou to design a large cylindrical pressurevessel to hold the toxic by-product of theirlens manufacturing process. The site is on abluff above the local playground.
A Clever Solution to Contain the Pressure
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In your effort to make yourbid the most competitive, youhave devised a way to reduceconstruction costs for the pressurevessel. Your solution is to place ametal plate over the top of thepressure vessel rather than toweld on a circular top.
Lots of Weight to Hold Down the Lid
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To insure that the top doesnot lift off the vessel when it ispressurized you have addedlarge weights on top of themetal sheet.
Failure Theories: 1 (3/30/00)
 
Calculate the Stresses in the Pressure Vessel
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Being an engineer of soundmind and body of knowledge youhave the tools to calculate theprincipal stresses acting in thepressure vessel. You are verycareful to include the contributionfrom the cover plate in yourcalculation of the longitudinal
Make Sure that the Stresses Are Safe!!!
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You then compare the principal stresses to the yield strength of the material,
σ
ys
,to insure that the material does not fail. Every thing is A-OK, so you begin pumpingthe toxic goo into the vessel.
OOPS !!!
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Toxic Spill: WHAT WENT WRONG???
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.....and the vessel proceeds to promptlyfail, creating an unsightly mess and leavingyou with a Mr. Yuck sticker on yourprofessional license.
Failure Theories: 2 (3/30/00)
 
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Needless to say.....
Uniaxial Test
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Currently, we know that if we put a specimen ina testing machine and load it to the point where thestress in the specimen equals the yield stress for thematerial....
Uniaxial Limit
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...then the material will yield (i.e. fail).
General Case
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How can we take this knowledge of when a material fails for a uniaxial test anduse it to predict when the material will failfor a more complicated state of stress?This will be the major focus of ourdiscussion on failure theories.
Failure Theories: 3 (3/30/00)

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