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Digital Modulation

Digital Modulation

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Published by Harsha

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Harsha on May 21, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/01/2011

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Digital Modulation
Continuous-wave(CW) modulation (recap):
A parameter of a sinusoidal carrier wave is variedcontinuously in accordance with the message signal.
Amplitude
Frequency
Phase
Digital Modulation:
Pulse Modulation: Analog pulse modulation: A periodicpulse train isused as a carrier. The following parameters of the pulse are modified in accordance with the messagesignal. Signal is transmitted at discrete intervals of time.
Pulse amplitude
Pulse width
Pulse duration
 
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Pulse Modulation: Digital pulse modulation: Message signalrepresented in a form that is discrete in both amplitude andtime.
The signal is transmitted as a sequence of coded pulses
No continuous wave in this form of transmission
 
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Analog Pulse Modulation
Pulse Amplitude Modulation(PAM)
Amplitudes of regularly spaced pulses varied in proportionto the corresponding sampled values of a continuousmessage signal.
Pulses can be of a rectangular form or some otherappropriate shape.
Pulse-amplitude modulation is similar to natural sampling,where the message signal is multiplied by a periodic train of rectangular pulses.
In natural sampling the top of each modulated rectangularpulse varies with the message signal, whereas in PAM it ismaintained flat. The PAM signal is shown in Figure 1.

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