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Mission Sunahara Kal

Mission Sunahara Kal

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Published by siddhart.misra3428

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Published by: siddhart.misra3428 on May 22, 2010
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10/30/2012

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Comparative Study of delivery systems in Livestock Development in Badaun(Uttar Pradesh)
November 2008
Submitted toITC LTD, KolkataSubmitted bySiddharth Misra, Lokesh Kumar Singh and Niraj Pareek of Samridhi Financial Services
 
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Table of Contents
Livestock and Indian Rural Economy .................................................................................................. 3Artificial insemination in livestock ...................................................................................................... 5Problems of Technology Adaptation .................................................................................................. 5ITC
 –
Mission Sunahara Kal ................................................................................................................. 7District Rural Development Agency .................................................................................................... 8Process of Artificial Insemination at ITC Sponsored Centres ........................................................... 10Comparative Study of two delivery systems in Livestock Development .......................................... 11Financial Sustainability ..................................................................................................................... 13
Farmer’s Story –
Prem Pal Singh (Guladiya Village) ......................................................................... 14Observations ..................................................................................................................................... 15SWOT Analysis of the ITC- Mission Sunehra Kal Cattle Development Center .................................. 16SWOT Analysis of the DRDA- Cattle Development Center ............................................................... 16
 
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Livestock and Indian Rural Economy
The cattle play a significant role in the life and economy of the people in India where 70% of the population iddependant on agriculture. From subsistence to commercial farming, cattle form an integral part of farmingproviding draught power for various phases of agriculture operations from ploughing, irrigation, harvesting andtransportation to supplying manure, fuel and milk. It is estimated that cattle yield more than 50% of theagriculture income in India. Most of the families owing livestock are poor farmers and landless agriculturallabourers. Between 30-50% of the rural house-hold incomes earned is through the means of livestock activities.Among the livestock, cows and buffaloes play a significant role, because of dairy farming is a reliable source of livelihood for small and marginal farmers. Buffaloes are maintained by all sections of the community and unlikeother natural resources, they are well distributed among small and large land holders.The production of buffalo milk in the Asian-Pacific region exceeds 45 million tonnes annually of which over30million tonnesare produced in India alone. With selective breeding, improved management and theestablishment of more dairy herds, milk yields are increasing worldwide. The individual 3,000 litre-per-lactationfemale, considered a record 30 years ago, is now common. There are many which yield 4,000 litres in a lactationof 300 days. And, some have even attained a record of 5,000 litres. The potential for increased milk production,therefore, exists.
Indian Cows: Blessed Bovines!
India is the top-ranking position milk producing nation in the world. In 2006, the milk production was 97.1 milliontonnes. India shares one sixth of cattle and half of world's buffalo population with annual growth rate at 5 %. The

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