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# Complex No

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10/24/2012

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Y2- HLWorksheet: Complex Numbers
1. M99-P1Let
z
=
x
+
y
i. Find the values of
x
and
y
if (1 – i)
z
= 1 – 3i.2. M99-P2Let
x
and
y
be real numbers, and
ω
be one of the complex solutions of the equation
z
3
= 1. Evaluate:(a)1 +
ω
+
ω
2
(2)
(b)(
ω
+
ω
2
y
) (
ω
2
x
+
ω
y
)
(4)(Total 6 marks)
3. N99-P2Let
z
1
=
22i6
, and
z
2
= 1 – i.(a)Write
z
1
and
z
2
in the form
(cos
θ
+ i sin
θ
), where
> 0 and
2π –

θ

2π
.
(6)
(b)Show that
21
z  z
= cos
12
π
+ i sin
12
π
.
(2)
(c)Find the value o
21
z  z
in the form
a
+
b
i, where
a
and
b
are to bedetermined exactly in radical (surd) form. Hence or otherwise find theexact values of cos
12
π
and sin
12
π
.
(4)(Total 12 marks)
4.M00-P1Let
z
1
=
a

     +
4sini4cos
π  π
and
z
2
=
b
     +
3sini3cos
π  π

Express
321
    
z  z
in the form
z = x
+
y
i
.
5. N00-P1
If
z
is a complex number and |
z
+ 16| = 4 |
z
+ l|, find the value of |
z|
.6.S00-P1Find the values of
a
and
b
, where
a
and
b
are real, given that (
a
+
b
i)(2 – i) = 5 – i.7.M01-P1(
z
+ 2i) is a factor of 2
z
3
–3
z
2
+ 8
z
– 12. Find the other two factors.8. M01-P1Given that
z
= (
b
+ i)
2
, where
b
is real and positive, find the exact value of
b
when arg
z
= 60°.9. N01-P1The complex number
z
satisfies i(
z
+ 2) = 1 – 2
z
, where
1 – i
=
.

Write
z
in the form
z
=
a
+
b
i, where
a
and
b
are real numbers.10-N01-P2a)Express
z
5
– 1 as a product of two factors, one of which is linear.
(2)
(b)Find the zeros of z
5
(cos
θ
+ i sin
θ
) where
> 0 and –π < 6
π.
(3)
(c)Express
z
4
+
z
3
+
2
+
z
+ 1 as a product of two real quadratic factors.
(5)(Total 10 marks)
11.M02-P1
(a)Express the complex number 8i in polar form.(b)The cube root of 8i which lies in the first quadrant is denoted by
z
.Express
z
(i)in polar form;(ii)in cartesian form.

12.N02-P2onsider the complex number
z
=
432
24πsini – 24πcos3πsini3πcos4πsini – 4πcos
          +    
.(a)(i)Find the modulus o
z
.(ii)Find the argument of
z
(4)
(b)Using De Moivres theorem, show that
z
is a cube root of one,
i.e
.
z
=
3
1
.
(2)
(c)Simplify (l + 2
z
)(2 +
z
2
a
+
b
i, where
a
and
b
are exact real numbers.
(5)(Total 11 marks)13.M03-P1
The complex number
z
satisfies the equation
z
=
i – 12
+ 1 – 4iExpress
z
in the form
x
+ i
y
where
x
,
y

.14.M03-P2(a)Prove, using mathematical induction, that for a positive integer
n
,(cos
θ
+ i sin
θ
)
n
= cos
n
θ
+ i sin
n
θ
where i
2
= –1.
(5)
(b)The complex number
z
is defined by
z
= cos
θ
+ i sin
θ
.
(i)Show that
z
1
= cos(–
θ
) + i sin(–
θ
).(ii)Deduce that
z
n
+
z
–n
= 2cos
nθ
.
(5)
(c)(i)Find the binomial expansion of (
z
+
z
–l
)
5
.(ii)Hence show that cos
5
θ
=
161
(
a
cos5
θ
+
b
cos3
θ
+
c
cos
θ
),where
a
,
b
,
c
are positive integers to be found.

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