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rial Group Theory Cgt-notes

rial Group Theory Cgt-notes

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Combinatorial Group Theory
Charles F. Miller III7 March, 2004
 
Abstract
An early version of these notes was prepared for use by the participants inthe Workshop on Algebra, Geometry and Topology held at the AustralianNational University, 22 January to 9 February, 1996. They have subsequentlybeen updated and expanded many times for use by students in the subject620-421 Combinatorial Group Theory at the University of Melbourne.Copyright 1996-2004 by C. F. Miller III.
 
Contents
1 Preliminaries 3
1.1 About groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.2 About fundamental groups and covering spaces . . . . . . . . 5
2 Free groups and presentations 11
2.1 Free groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122.2 Presentations by generators and relations . . . . . . . . . . . . 162.3 Dehns fundamental problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192.4 Homomorphisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202.5 Presentations and fundamental groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222.6 Tietze transformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242.7 Extraction principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3 Construction of new groups 30
3.1 Direct products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303.2 Free products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323.3 Free products with amalgamation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363.4 HNN extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433.5 HNN related to amalgams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483.6 Semi-direct products and wreath products . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4 Properties, embeddings and examples 53
4.1 Countable groups embed in 2-generator groups . . . . . . . . . 534.2 Non-finite presentability of subgroups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564.3 Hopfian and residually finite groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 584.4 Local and poly properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614.5 Finitely presented coherent by cyclic groups . . . . . . . . . . 631

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