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Ready to Write More Ch-2

Ready to Write More Ch-2

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Published by: ukeducation on May 23, 2010
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05/13/2013

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CHAPTER
After
youhave spent
some
time
thinking
about
your
topic
and
doingthe
necessary
prewriting,you
areready
for
the
next
step
in
the
writing
process:
writing
your paragraph.
Step
Two:
Writing
When
you
write
the
first
draft
ofyourparagraph,
use
the
ideas
you
generated
from
prewriting
andyour
outline
as
a
guide.
PAR/qGR/APH
BASIGS
singleand
serve
different
purposes.
Forexample,
some
paragraphs
describe
people
or
places.
Other
paragraphs
explainhowto
do
or
make
something,narrate
a
series
of
events, compare
or contrasttwothings,or
describe
causes
and
effects.
PARTSOF
A
PAFAGFAPH
Remember
that
a
paragraph
is
a
group
of
sentences
aboutone
topic. Thetopic
ofthe
paragraph
is
usuallystated
in
the
first
sentence.
This
sentence
is
calledthe
topic
add details
to
the
topic. They
are
called
szppo
hs
also
have
a
corchtding
sentence,
which
aragraph.
It
is
the
lastsentence
of the
paragraph.
Here
is
an example
of
a
paragraph
based
on
the
outline
aboutsuperstitions
on
page
19.
Writing
Paragraphs
WRITINGPARAGRAPHS
 
ral
aspects
of my
life. Firstof
all, I
have
a
lot
l,
especially
tests.
For example,
I
always
wear
mother
gaveme
when
I
have
to
take
a
test.
I think
it
brings
me
good
luck,
and
I
am
afraid
that
I will
do
poorly
if
I
forget
to
wear
it.When I
get
to
school,
I
always
find
aseat
rightinthe
middleof the
room,
sitdown,
and
thenswitch
my
watch
to
my
right
wrist
before
the
testbegins.
In
addition,
I
am
verysuperstitious
abouttraveling.
I will
neverstarr
a
tripon
a
Friday
because
I
amsure
it
will
bring
me
bad luck.
r07hen
I
have
to
sray
in
a
hotel,
I
refuse
to
sleep
in
a
roomon
the
13th
floor.
For
me,
13 isan
unlucky
number.
In
addition,
I
alwayswear
somethinggreen,
mylucky
color,
onthefirst
day
of
a
trip.
Finally,like
many
other
athletes,
I
am
especiallysuperstitious
when
it
comes
to
mysport,
tennis.
WhenI
dress
for
a
match,
I
always
wear
rhe
same
whiteT:shirt
with
my
initials
on
it.
I
alsouse
the
same
shoelaces
in
my
sneakers
thatI
havehadsince
I
first
started
playing
tennis.
As
soon
as
I
buy
a
new
pairof
sneakers,
the
firstthing
I
do
is
replace
the
laces
with
my lucky
ones.
I
am
also
SUPPORTING
SENTENCES
l_
superstitiousaboutmy bre
t-
coNCLUDING
I
same
thing:
eggs
and
a
SENTENCE
I
.
L
aspecrs
or
myllte.
Noticethat
this
paragraph
also
containsthe
following
important
features:
o
The
first
sentenceis
indented.
o
The first
wordof
every
sentence
is
capitalized.
o
Each
sentenceends
with
a
period.
As
you
draft
your
paragraph,
remember
that
you
need
to
do
several
things:
1.
State
yourpoint
in
a
topic
sentence.
2.
Support
yourpoint.
3.
Develop
a singlefocus.
4.
Organize
sentences
logically
andadd
transitions.
StateYour
Point
in
a
Topic
Sentence
When
you
write
a
paragraph
in
English,
the
most
important
thing
youneed
to
do
is
to
express
your
main
point.
This
should
be
writtenin
oneclear
sentlnce,
tlg
topicsentence.
The
rest
of the
paragraph
mustdevelopandsupportthe
point
youmade
in
tire topic
sentence.
22,
CHAPTER
2
 
The
topic
sentence
is
usually
the
first
sentence
of
a
paragraph.
It
is
the
most
important
one
in
your paragraph
because
it
controls
all
theother
sentences.
It
states
the topic
(main
idea) and
thefocus(main
emphdsis)
of the
paragraph.You can
think
of the
topic
sentence
as
being
incontrol
ofthe whole
paragraph.
In
this
way,a
topic
sentence
functions
like
a
traffic
sign
controlling
vehicles
on
rhe
road.
It
shows readers
which
wav
they
are
going,
just
as
a
traffic
sign
helps
direct
drivers.
A
soodtopic
sentence
{::,:::;:t::t'
parasraph'
Look
at
these
two
topic
sentences.
Nuclear
power
is
our
greatesthope
forsolvingthe
energy
crisis.
1.
What
is
the
topicof
this
sentence?
2.
What
is
the
focus?
Nuclear
power
isa hugethreat
to
lifeon
the
planet.
1.
What
is
the topicof
this
sentence?
2.
What
is
the
focus?
Notice
that
both
sentences
have
the
same
topic,
but
the
focus
is
different.
Analyzing
TopicSentences
For
each
statement
below,underline
the
topic
anddrawa
circle
aroundthe
focus.
1.
Mahatma
Gandhi
was
an
influential
leader.
2-
E-meil
is
a
greatway
to
stay
in
touch
with
your
family
and friends.
3.
The
clotheswe wear
oftenreflect
a
lot
aboutourpersonarity.
4.
The
Japanesesubwaysysremis
veryefficient.
5.
Television
commercials
are
ofteninsultingto
women.
6.
My
older
brother
is
a
perfectionist.
7.
The
laws
on
child
abuse
shouldbe
strictly
enforced.
8.
Being
a
rwin
has
both
advantages
and
disadvanrages.
9.
The
newshopping
mall
has
broughr
many
economicbenefits
ro
ourcommunity.
10.
Golf
is
a
dfficult
sporr
to
master.
WRITING
PARAGRAPHS
2,3

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