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Volcanoes, Its Eruption, Types, Geographical Distribution & Products

Volcanoes, Its Eruption, Types, Geographical Distribution & Products

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Published by Izhar Jiskani
Volcanoes, Its Eruption, Types, Geographical Distribution & Products
Volcanoes, Its Eruption, Types, Geographical Distribution & Products

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Published by: Izhar Jiskani on May 23, 2010
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11/08/2012

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Volcanoes, Its Eruption, Types, Geographical Distribution & Products
VOLCANOES
The word volcano comes from the Greek work Vulcan which means god of fire. Avolcano is an opening in the surface of the Earth through which magma (moltenrock), gases and ash erupt.Magma is molten rock within the Earth's crust. When magma erupts through theearth's surface it is called lava. Lava can be thick and slow-moving or thin andfast-moving. On Earth there are about 500 active volcanoes. About 75% of allactive volcanoes are situated in what is called the Pacific Ring of FireThere are three main types of volcanoes:1.Shield volcanoes
2.
Strato-volcanoes3.Cinder cones
1. Shield volcanoes
Shield volcanoes are low in height and are broad.
2. Stratovolcanoes
Stratovolcanoes are composed of alternating layers of lava and pyroclasticmaterial.
3. Cinder cone
A cinder cone is a cone shaped hill that is composed mostly of cinder-sized pyroclastics.
Izhar Mithal Jiskani
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Volcanoes, Its Eruption, Types, Geographical Distribution & Products
Volcanic Eruption
When magma is erupted or ejected from earth it is known as eruption. Magma isknown as lava when it reaches on earth’s surface. Lava is sticky, hard (whencooled) and has the temperature of 2012
O
F, contains mostly steam with carbondioxide, nitrogen, sulphur-dioxide. Volcanoes are described as extinct, dormant, or active.
1.
An extinct
(dead) volcano is one that is not erupting and is not likely toerupt in the future.
2.
A dormant
(sleeping) volcano is one that is currently inactive, but haserupted within historic times and is likely to do so in the future.
3.
An active
volcano is one that erupted recently.Volcanic eruptions may be violent (aggressive/cruel) or mild (gentle). Whenvolcanoes are born in the sea, the eruptions may be more violent than those onland because of the contact between the molten rock and water. Earthquakes,lightning, tsunamis, and strong whirlwinds have been known to result fromvolcanic eruptions. Mild eruptions occur when molten rock pushes through longcracks in the Earth's crust and floods the surrounding areas.
Geographical Distribution or Location
Thousand of volcanoes scattered on the surface of earth but most active volcanoesare present on two belts.
1.
Major belt: Also called fire belt which is encircling the Pacific Ocean.There are about 850 most active volcanoes.
2.
Short Belt: this belt starts from Sol man Island through New Guinea andIndonesia. There are about 200 most active volcanoes.
Izhar Mithal Jiskani
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