There was a problem sending you an sms. Check your phone number or try again later.
We've sent a link to the Scribd app. If you didn't receive it, try again.
, khaki shorts and a khaki fez cover with integral foldable cloth peak and neck flap. African askaris wore sandals or were barefoot, on the rationale that the heavy military boots of the period were unsuitable for recruits who had not previously worn footwear.. Fezzes bore an
), 3rd East Africa (with one company onZan zib ar) and the 4th Uganda, both of the latter included a 4th platoon of Sudanese with the 4th platoons of 4th battalion being led by Sudanese officers. Additionally the companies were scattered all over British East Africa. Full strength of the KAR in 1914 was 70 British officers, 3 British NCO's, and 2,325 Africans. There were no organic heavy weapons (each company had only one machinegun), including artillery, or organized reserves and the companies were in reality large platoons of 70 to 80 men. In 1915 the KAR was expanded by having the three battalions reorganized into standard four-company battalions which were then brought up to full strength at 1,045 men each. It was not until early 1916 that the 2nd Nyasaland and 5th Kenya battalions [1916-1963] were re-raised, this had more to do with white settler and South African sensitivities about arming and training large amounts of black African troops. Later in 1916 the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th battalions were expanded into two battalions each through heavy recruiting in their home areas. It was not until General Hoskin (formerly the Inspector General of the KAR) was
appointed to command British East African forces in 1917 that genuine expansion began. The 1st Battalion was doubled and the 6th (Tanganyika Territory) Battalion was raised fromas kari s of the former German East Africa and then it too was doubled. The 7th was formed from the Zanzibar Armed Constabulary and the Mafia Constabulary. Later in 1917 many other duplicate battalions were
created as the first four battalions (now called regiments in the British tradition) each raised a 3rd battalion and a 4th or Training Battalion. The 4th Regiment raised an additional two battalions, the 5th and 6th through heavy recruiting in Uganda. The KAR Mounted Infantry Unit (on camels), originally part of the 3rd regiment, and the KAR Signals Company were also raised. Thus in late 1918 the KAR consisted of 22 battalions as follows:
1,193 British officers, 1,497 British NCO's and 30,658 Africans in 22 battalions, including two made up of former German askaris, as noted above. In "Armies in East Africa 1914-18", Peter Abbot notes that the KAR units recruited from former prisoners of war were used as garrison troops by the British, to avoid any conflict of loyalties. However, one of these battalions was involved in the pursuit of a force under Hauptman Wintgens from February to October 1917. KAR casualties in World War I were 5,117 killed and wounded with another 3,039 dying from diseases.
which strength the Regiment remained until World War II. In 1938, the Regiment was composed of two brigade-strength units organized as a "Northern Brigade" and a "Southern Brigade." The combined strength of both units amounted to 94 officers, 60 non- commissioned officers, and 2,821 African other ranks. After the outbreak of war, these units provided the trained nucleus for the rapid expansion of the KAR. By March 1940, the strength of the KAR had reached 883 officers, 1,374 non-commissioned officers, and 20,026 African other ranks.
African Infantry Brigade and the 6th East African Infantry Brigade. Initially a Coastal Division and a Northern Frontier District Division were planned. But, instead, the 11th African Division and the 12th African Division were formed. The two divisions included East African, Ghanaian, Nigerian, and South African troops. The Ghanaian and the Nigerian troops came from theRo yal
The regiment was retitled the East African Land Forces in 1957 and its lastCo lo n el -in -Chi ef was HM Queen Elizabeth II. The extent to which KAR traditions influence the modern national armies of the former East African colonies varies from country to country. In Tanzania, a mutiny in 1964 led to a conscious decision to move away from the British military model. In Kenya, on the other hand, the title of Kenya Rifles survives and the various campaigns in which the KAR distinguished itself in both World Wars are still commemorated.
Now bringing you back...
Does that email address look wrong? Try again with a different email.