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WAC Regional Newsletter - Volume III Issue 2

WAC Regional Newsletter - Volume III Issue 2

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Published by UN-HABITAT Nepal

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Published by: UN-HABITAT Nepal on May 24, 2010
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United Nations Human Settle-ments Programme (UN-HABITAT)and Asian Development Bank(ADB) have agreed to continueand further extend their partner-ship that began in 2003 underthe Water for Asian Cities Pro-gramme to increase investmentsin safe drinking water and sani-tation facilities to support Millen-nium Development Goals. As per the new MoU, which hasrecently been signed both by Dr. Anna Tibaijuka, Executive Direc-tor, UN-HABITAT and Mr. Haru-hiko Kuroda, ADB President, the ADB expects to invest aboutUS$1 billion in urban watersupply and sanitation over thenext five years. The investmentswill be part of ADB’s WaterFinancing Program 2006-2010to boost investments in the watersector to well over $2 billion ayear.The partnership under the Waterfor Asian Cities Programme willextend to 2011 with each or-ganization committing addi-tional $10 million in grant funds- twice the amount committed in2003. The partnership was es-tablished to improve water sup-ply and sanitation services to theurban poor in Asia, build thecapacity of Asian cities to secureand manage pro-poor invest-ments and help the region meetthe Millennium DevelopmentGoal related to the provision ofsafe drinking water and im-proved sanitation.This new phase of the partner-ship will work in the followingthree areas, bringing a notablygreater focus to the region'surgent sanitation needs:
Increasing investments - 
in urban water and sustain-able sanitation as well as slumupgrading and urban re-newal.
Human resource devel- opment & capacity build- ing - 
through several UN-HABITAT programmes, suchas Water for Asian Cities andMEK-WATSAN.
Knowledge sharing - 
 particularly information aboutthe sanitation sector and con-tributing to the upcomingGlobal Report on Water andSanitation in Asian Cities.The $10 million in grants from ADB will be administered astechnical assistance in variouscountries that have prioritizedurban water investments in theircountry partnership strategieswith ADB. UN-HABITAT’s $10million in grants will be adminis-tered through its Water andSanitation Trust Fund.During the first phase of the part-nership, the two organizationscollaborated to build capacity,prepare projects and raise in-vestments. ADB is on track toachieve its investment target of$500 million in urban waterprojects in Asian Region.
One Billion Dollar Investment in WATSAN
March - April 2007Volume III, Issue 2
 Water Governance
 A basic insight - whichhas not yet garneredenough attention - is thatthe insufficiency of water(particularly for drinkingwater supply and sanita-tion), is primarily drivenby an inefficient supplyof services rather thanby water shortages.Lack of basic services isoften due to mismanage-ment, corruption, lack ofappropriate institutions,bureaucratic inertia anda shortage of new in-vestments in buildinghuman capacity, as wellas physical infrastruc-ture. Water shortagesand increasing pollutionare to a large extentsocially and politicallyinduced challenges. Thewater crisis is increas-ingly about how we, asindividuals, and as partof a collective society,govern the access toand control over waterresources and theirbenefits.
Inside this issue:
LFHD Launched in MadhyaPradesh, India
National Workshop onRWH in Pokhara, Nepal
UN-HABITAT - ADB AnnualConsultation
Parliamentary Forum on Water Conservation
 WAC Programme in PRC, Vietnam and Lao PDR
A Bi-monthly Newsletter of the Water for Asian Cities (WAC) Programme
Best Practices Awardfor Ahmedabad
India is consistently one of thecountries with the largest num-ber of submissions to the DubaiInternational Award for BestPractices. For the 2006 awards,UN-HABITAT received 102 sub-missions from India, of which 4were in the final shortlist of 48that were forwarded to the Jury.The Ahmedabad Slum Network-ing Programme is one of the 12winners of the 2006 Award.Ahmedabad Slum NetworkingProgramme seeks to transformthe urban environment by provid-ing services through partnershipbetween the Ahmedabad Munici-pal Corporation (AMC), NGOs andcommunities. The services in-clude: household connections forwater supply and drainage, toi-lets, paving internal roads andstreet lighting. All partners con-tribute towards implementation,though AMC bears about 80% ofthe cost of the physical infra-structure. The project is under-taken only in those slums whereall households commit to collec-tively contribute 20% of theimplementation costs.Partnership makes the projectsustainable. There is a long-termcommitment that people will en- joy security of tenure if they join the scheme. Within the nextfive years the physical improve-ment and the community develop-ment will be provided to 24,368households benefiting 121,840people in 120 slums of Ahmeda-bad City.
The Legislator’s Forum for Human Devel-opment (LFHD) in Madhya Pradesh waslaunched by the Hon’ble Speaker,Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly,the Chief Minister, Madhya Pradesh andUN Resident Coordinator in Bhopal on29th March 2007. The LFHD is a knowl-edge partnership, which is one of themajor initiatives of the UN's advocacyand information sharing activities withelected representatives of the state legis-latures in India.In the case of Madhya Pradesh, the Wa-ter for Asian Cities Programme, Indiaoffice of UN-HABITAT served as the ful-crum for coordinating this activity. Somemechanisms through which this partner-ship would function are creating solutionexchange forum to access information,provide data/ research support to Legis-lators and deliberate on developmentissues, organizing focus group discus-sions and guest lectures, bringing in na-tional experts and practitioners to inter-act with the Legislators. On this occa-sion, Mr. Andre Dzikus, ProgrammeManager, Water for Cities Programme,UN-HABITAT made the key note speechas the special guest.Hon’ble Speaker in his presidential ad-dress reiterated that Madhya Pradesh iscommitted to achieve millennium devel-opment goals. Speaker informed thehouse that a core committee of legislatorshas been created to deliberate on theissues related to MDG goals. He saidthat it was just the beginning. In the forth-coming Monsoon session of the Assem-bly, the issues on MDGs will be dis-cussed in detail and steps will be takenup in project mode. He expressed hisdesire to create groups of MLAs to delib-erate on zonal problems.During the interactive workshop on“Water Management & Gender Budget-ing” organized on this occasion, therewere presentations on Wise Use of Wa-ter by Dr S.R. Wateof NEERI Nagpur,on Water DemandManagement by Mr.Harpreet Singh Kan-dra of TERI Indiaand on GenderBudgeting by Ms.Rashmi Verma of Women Connect.On this occasion,UN-HABITAT publi-cations on “WaterDemand Manage-ment Strategy andImplementation plan” for the cities ofIndore and Bhopal were also releasedby the Hon’ble Speaker and the ChiefMinister. These strategy documents havebeen prepared by WRP of South Africaand TERI of India on the basis of waterbalance analysis, which revealed thatthere was considerable loss of waterduring intake, treatment and transmis-sion. This Non-Revenue Water (NRW)ranged between 31% and 60%. Thedistribution network on a GIS maps havealso been included in the strategy docu-ments. Based on the study, city specificstrategies have been developed to mini-mise the water losses and to increase therevenue for the municipal corporations.
Legislators’ Forum for Human Development Launched in Madhya Pradesh
Page 2
UN-HABITAT organized an exhibitionof activities of UN Agencies inMadhya Pradesh as a side event onthe occasion of launching of Legisla-tor’s forum for Human Development atthe Madhya Pradesh Legislative As-sembly on 29th March, which wasinaugurated by the Hon’ble Speaker,Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assem-bly. Exhibition on initiatives under the WAC programme was dedicated topro-poor water and sanitation govern-ance in India, Nepal and other leastdeveloped countries in the Mekongregion. Emphasis was on commu-nity based water supply and sanita-tion projects in small and mediumtowns of the region; Urban and envi-ronmental improvement project andsmall town water supply & sanitationprojects in Nepal; Slums Environ-mental Sanitation Initiative; Commu-nity managed water supply scheme;Gender Mainstreaming; Human Val-ues-based Water, Sanitation and Hy-giene Education and Capacity Build-ing Programmes in India. Amongthose who visited the Exhibition in-cluded, Members of the M.P. Legisla-tive Assembly, the UN Resident Coor-dinator, the Programme Manager,UN-HABITAT and the Principal Sec-retary, State Government ofMadhya Pradesh.
Exhibition on WAC Programme in Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Hon’ble Speaker , Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly, Chief Minster of Madhya Pradesh & UN Resident Coordinator releasing UN-HABITAT publicationsMr. Ishwardas Rohani, Speaker, Madhya Pradesh Legislative  Assembly visited the exhibition on Water for Asian Cities Programme 
Page 3Volume III, Issue 2
Community Managed Water SupplyScheme (CMWSS) in Bagra Dafai, Ja-balpur has been completed and thescheme was inaugurated on 19th Janu-ary, 2007 by the Mayor, Jabalpur Mu-nicipal Corporation, Ms. Sushila Singh.The inauguration ceremony was chairedby the Member of Legislative Assemblyof Madhya Pradesh, Mr. Harendra JeetSingh Bubboo. Other dignitaries presenton the occasion were Ms. AnuradhaPandey, Chairperson of JMC, Mr. AbhaySingh, Member, Mayor-in-Council, Mr.O.P. Shrivastav, Commissioner, JMC,Mr. Gulab Gotiya, President CWASC,Ms. Choti Bai, Secretary, CWASCand other members of CWASC andresidents of the area. This schemewould provide potable water to the800 households in the notified slum ofBagra Dafai, having more than 1200households almost totally below thepoverty line. This system would pro-vide a sustainable access to safewater supply to the people of slum ofBagra Dafai, Jabalpur.
Mayor of Jabalpur Inaugurates Community Managed Water Supply Scheme
Mayor of Jabalpur addressing the community during the inauguration of CMWSS in Bagra Dafai , Jabalpur 
Today the residents of Rahul nagar arehappy. They are pound of their efforts ofmaking the entire slum of 142 families,mostly below poverty line, having at-tained the status of open defecation freeslum. However, this attainment has notbeen achieved in a day. All these startedin December 2005, when UN-HABITATunder the Water for Asian Cities Pro-gramme initiated the Slum EnvironmentSanitation Initiative (SESI) Programme in17 selected slums of Bhopal in coopera-tion with Bhopal Municipal Corporationand WaterAid and its partner AARAMBH.The SESI is a pilot Project being under-taken to demonstrate how communitiescan be empowered to acquire adequatewater and sanitation facilities that meetstheir needs. UN-Habitat, WaterAid-Indiaand Bhopal Municipal Corporation havecome together in a tripartite partnershipwith 1:1:1 financial support targetingapproximately 5000 households in thecity, for reaching open defecation freestatus.Rahul Nagar is one of the slums selectedfor interventions to create it as OpenDefecation Free slum, through communitymobilization and capacity building. TheSlum was selected for the programmeintervention due to its low ranking onavailability of water and sanitation facili-ties and its high open defecating house-holds. The slum constituting of 142households with 710 population, is oneof the poorest of poor slums, where allthe families live Below Poverty Line (referTable below).The process started with simple conversa-tion and discussing the plan of initiatingsuch a programme with the community,formation of Community Water and Sani-tation Community (CWASC) comprising12 community members and SHG com-prising of 10 members and their buildingcapacity regarding sanitation and hy-giene issues, which helped in spreadingmessages of cleanliness and sanitation inthe entire community. To convince theresidents, five Demonstration toilets wereconstructed in selected households withsanitation fund, so that they understandthe importance of having toilets, seechange in life of those who have thetoilets. CWASC and community decidedupon selecting households for Demon-stration Toilets, which was based on thepoverty level of the households and onbasis of presence of disabled persons inthe family. This followed detailed discus-sion with the community regarding planof action. The community were made torealize that to start with every house willbe provided a loan of Rs 2000/- as thetotal cost of material and hiringa mason for constructing ahousehold toilet, and after con-struction is over, only 50% ofthe loan amount, i.e Rs 1000/-each the beneficiary have toreturn through the SHG in teninstallments. Thus, each house-hold got an incentive of Rs.1000/- for constructing thetoilet. It was decided that thefamilies would carry construction mate-rial from the place of storage to theirhouseholds on their own expense as wellas the labour requirement was also to befulfilled by them. This followed house tohouse counselling on the construction oftoilets. Local municipal councilor alsomotivated the community for constructingthe toilets and improving their living con-ditions. Within a month constructionwork was finished in most of the house-holds. There after, campaign started forproper maintenance of the toilets.Now, Rahul Nagar slum is an idealmodel urban slum in M.P. showing howconcepts of total sanitation can be so-cially marketed through a unique mixtureof felt need of the community, technol-ogy, social work principles and methodssuch as community participation andcommunity organization throughCWASC.
Social Marketing of Sanitation for Urban poor in Bhopal, India 
RAHUL NAGAR : Basic Information (Before Intervention) 
BPL Households
Public Stand Posts
Households without access to safe drinking watersupply
Households defecating in open

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