United Nations Human Settle-ments Programme (UN-HABITAT)and Asian Development Bank(ADB) have agreed to continueand further extend their partner-ship that began in 2003 underthe Water for Asian Cities Pro-gramme to increase investmentsin safe drinking water and sani-tation facilities to support Millen-nium Development Goals. As per the new MoU, which hasrecently been signed both by Dr. Anna Tibaijuka, Executive Direc-tor, UN-HABITAT and Mr. Haru-hiko Kuroda, ADB President, the ADB expects to invest aboutUS$1 billion in urban watersupply and sanitation over thenext five years. The investmentswill be part of ADB’s WaterFinancing Program 2006-2010to boost investments in the watersector to well over $2 billion ayear.The partnership under the Waterfor Asian Cities Programme willextend to 2011 with each or-ganization committing addi-tional $10 million in grant funds- twice the amount committed in2003. The partnership was es-tablished to improve water sup-ply and sanitation services to theurban poor in Asia, build thecapacity of Asian cities to secureand manage pro-poor invest-ments and help the region meetthe Millennium DevelopmentGoal related to the provision ofsafe drinking water and im-proved sanitation.This new phase of the partner-ship will work in the followingthree areas, bringing a notablygreater focus to the region'surgent sanitation needs:
Increasing investments -
in urban water and sustain-able sanitation as well as slumupgrading and urban re-newal.
Human resource devel- opment & capacity build- ing -
through several UN-HABITAT programmes, suchas Water for Asian Cities andMEK-WATSAN.
Knowledge sharing -
particularly information aboutthe sanitation sector and con-tributing to the upcomingGlobal Report on Water andSanitation in Asian Cities.The $10 million in grants from ADB will be administered astechnical assistance in variouscountries that have prioritizedurban water investments in theircountry partnership strategieswith ADB. UN-HABITAT’s $10million in grants will be adminis-tered through its Water andSanitation Trust Fund.During the first phase of the part-nership, the two organizationscollaborated to build capacity,prepare projects and raise in-vestments. ADB is on track toachieve its investment target of$500 million in urban waterprojects in Asian Region.
One Billion Dollar Investment in WATSAN
March - April 2007Volume III, Issue 2
A basic insight - whichhas not yet garneredenough attention - is thatthe insufficiency of water(particularly for drinkingwater supply and sanita-tion), is primarily drivenby an inefficient supplyof services rather thanby water shortages.Lack of basic services isoften due to mismanage-ment, corruption, lack ofappropriate institutions,bureaucratic inertia anda shortage of new in-vestments in buildinghuman capacity, as wellas physical infrastruc-ture. Water shortagesand increasing pollutionare to a large extentsocially and politicallyinduced challenges. Thewater crisis is increas-ingly about how we, asindividuals, and as partof a collective society,govern the access toand control over waterresources and theirbenefits.
Inside this issue:
LFHD Launched in MadhyaPradesh, India
National Workshop onRWH in Pokhara, Nepal
UN-HABITAT - ADB AnnualConsultation
Parliamentary Forum on Water Conservation
WAC Programme in PRC, Vietnam and Lao PDR
A Bi-monthly Newsletter of the Water for Asian Cities (WAC) Programme
Best Practices Awardfor Ahmedabad
India is consistently one of thecountries with the largest num-ber of submissions to the DubaiInternational Award for BestPractices. For the 2006 awards,UN-HABITAT received 102 sub-missions from India, of which 4were in the final shortlist of 48that were forwarded to the Jury.The Ahmedabad Slum Network-ing Programme is one of the 12winners of the 2006 Award.Ahmedabad Slum NetworkingProgramme seeks to transformthe urban environment by provid-ing services through partnershipbetween the Ahmedabad Munici-pal Corporation (AMC), NGOs andcommunities. The services in-clude: household connections forwater supply and drainage, toi-lets, paving internal roads andstreet lighting. All partners con-tribute towards implementation,though AMC bears about 80% ofthe cost of the physical infra-structure. The project is under-taken only in those slums whereall households commit to collec-tively contribute 20% of theimplementation costs.Partnership makes the projectsustainable. There is a long-termcommitment that people will en- joy security of tenure if they join the scheme. Within the nextfive years the physical improve-ment and the community develop-ment will be provided to 24,368households benefiting 121,840people in 120 slums of Ahmeda-bad City.