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WAC News Aug 2006

WAC News Aug 2006

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Published by UN-HABITAT Nepal

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Published by: UN-HABITAT Nepal on May 24, 2010
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In his address to the Nation onthe eve of 60th IndependenceDay, Prof. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam,President of India expressedhappiness to note that there wasa growing recognition of en-hancing rural prosperity throughthe Providing Urban Amenitiesin Rural Areas (PURA) model.Earlier the President had inaugu-rated the Periyar PURA Complexin Tamilnadu pioneered by Peri-yar Maniammai College ofTechnology for Women, Vallam,Tanjore consisting of a cluster of65 villages having a populationof over one lakh. This modelPURA complex has all threeConnectivities - physical, elec-tronic and knowledge - leadingto economic connectivity. Thishas resulted in large-scale em-ployment generation and crea-tion of a number of entrepre-neurs with the active support of1150 self-help groups. Twohundred acres of wastelandhas been developed into acultivable land with innovativewater management schemes. Villagers are busy in cultiva-tion, planting Jatropha, herbaland medicinal plants, powergeneration using bio-mass,food processing with dedi-cated marketing centers. Thismodel has emanated inde-pendent of any governmentinitiative. There are other PURAmodels like the Loni PURA inMaharastra, the ChitrakootPURA in Madhya Pradesh andthe Byrraju PURA in AndhraPradesh.The President of India feels thatthese experiences can be emu-lated nation wide. India needs7000 PURAs all over the coun-try. This movement can bemultiplied by thousands ofentrepreneurs, educationaladministrators, small-scaleindustrialists and bankers withthe support of governmentagencies providing total eco-nomic prosperity to rural Indiaby 2020.
Volume II - Issue 10
Urban Amenities in Rural Areas Enhance Rural ProsperityIndia Supports Creation of a Pan-African e-Network
August 2006
Asia holds the key toachieve MDGs
Asia, today, has morepeople living in slumconditions, more withoutaccess to water andsanitation and morepeople with inadequatenutrition, than any otherdeveloping region in theworld. With two-thirds of  the world’s poor residing in Asia and the Pacific, itis abundantly clear that the region holds the key to solving the globalpoverty challenge.The United NationsMillennium Develop-ment Goals (MDGs),cannot be achievedunless they are met in the Asia and Pacificregion.Given the scale of depri-vation in Asia and thePacific, achieving all theMDGs by 2015 doesrequire massive invest-ments and innovativeapproaches by the gov-ernments, the privatesector and all otherstakeholders.
PM’s Vision of IndianCities2 Asia-Pacific MinisterialConference2Clean Drinking Water andSanitation3Community-managedWater Supply in Indore4
The Government of India is cre-ating a Pan-African e-networkfor connecting 53 African coun-tries. In a similar way, India hasproposed to extend the servicesto Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos andCambodia.The Indian Information andCommunication Technology(ICT) Industry is growing atabout 28 percent per annum.This is definitely a strong indica-tor that the ICT industry requiresa national mission to realize$200 billion turnover by 2012says the President. Job opportu-nities are expected to growfrom one million to nearly 9million direct jobs and 6 mil-lion indirect jobs in the con-struction, retail and transporta-tion industries by 2010.Many State Governments arein the process of implementinge-Governance services andcreating State Wide Area Net-work across their States. TheMinistry of Communicationand Information Technologyhas decided to invest Rs.24,000 crore for establishingan e-governance network andGovernment to Citizens Ser-vices across the country withinfive years time. Through capac-ity building, job opportunities,better consumer protectionlaws and secure infrastructure,ICT would enable economicgrowth to higher levels of pros-perity in India.
Prof. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
H.E. President of India
PAGE - 2
August 2006
Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister ofIndia, in his Independence Day speech on15th August 2006 said that cities and townsare centers of growth and generators ofemployment opportunities. The cities in Indianeed to have a new look for which theyneed massive investment and renewal. Theyneed basic amenities like sanitation, drink-ing water and proper housing for the poor.They need public transport, parks and play-grounds. India needs cities in which theworking poor can live with self-respect anddignity; cities in which children and womenfeel safe and secure. In order to ensure thatour cities have better infrastructure and thatthey have better living conditions, Indialaunched the Jawaharlal Nehru NationalUrban Renewal Mission. This programmeand other similar ones have started showingresults. Work has begun on Metro systemsin Bangalore and Mumbai. The Prime Minis-ter sees a glorious decade of city develop-ment ahead of us.The challenge before Government is to im-plement these programmes. The Prime Minis-ter said, that “We have to improve the waygovernments function and deliver publicservices. How do we do this? How do weensure that higher financial outlays translateinto better outcomes? I sincerely hope thatthe Right to Information Act enacted by ourGovernment will empower our people whowill be able to use their rights to make gov-ernment more accountable. We have towork hard to eliminate corruption in the de-livery of public services, in fact eliminate itfrom all walks of life. We will work to put inplace a system that rewards honesty, probityand efficiency.”
Prime Minister’s Vision of Cities in India
The Asian cities are now experiencing arapid urban growth leading to a rapidurban transformation in the region. Ac-cording to projections by the United Na-tions, the majority of the population in Asia and the Pacific region will live inurban areas by 2030. Between now andthen, the urban population in the regionwill grow by 2.2 per cent a year and, asa result, the urban population will nearlydouble from 1,352 million at the turn ofthe century to 2,605 million in 2030.Some urban dwellers will live in mega-cities, but the vast majority of the urbanpopulation will live in smaller cities andtowns.Out of 20 mega cities with 10 millionand more population in the world, 11 arelocated in Asia. At the same time, Asiahas the largest share of the world’s slumpopulation. In 2005, the region washome to more than half the world’s totalslum population, or about 581 millionpeople. In order to address the issuesrelating to rapid urbanization and grow-ing slums and squatter settlements, thefirst Asia-Pacific Ministerial Conferenceon Housing and Human Settlements hasbeen jointly convened by UN-HABITATand the Government of India.The Government of India is hosting thefirst Asia-Pacific Ministerial Conference onHousing and Human Settlements. The fourdays Conference will be held in NewDelhi (India) from 13th to 16th December2006. The Conference shall have twosegments. The first segment on 13-14December 2006 will be the Expert GroupMeeting mainly devoted to the delibera-tions by the High Officials of all the par-ticipating countries from Asia and thePacific and the second segment on 15-16December 2006 shall be devoted to theMinisterial Meeting in which the MinistersIn-charge of Housing and Human Settle-ments from the participating countriesshall deliberate on various issues, adoptthe draft framework for action and have adeclaration.The Ministerial segment of the Conferencewill be inaugurated by H.E. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, President of India on Fri-day, 15th December 2006. The closingsession is expected to be Chaired by Dr.Manmohan Singh, the Hon’ble PrimeMinister of India on 16th December2006.The Conference aims at identifying thestrategies both at regional and countrylevel for addressing the challenge of rapidurbanization, slums and squatter settle-ments and also discuss and share experi-ences of designing and implementation ofsectoral public policies and developing auniform mechanism for monitoring progresson the Millennium Development Goals andthe Habitat Agenda. The Conference shallprovide a platform for developing commonunderstanding among Asia and the PacificCountries, on issues of Housing and Hu-man Settlements and shall foster partner-ships among Asia and the Pacific countriesin these areas. The Conference shall dis-cuss various subjects which include land,housing, water and sanitation, basic ser-vices, security of tenure and other relatedissues and prepare a framework of imple-mentation of sustainable housing and hu-man settlements in Asia and the Pacific bythe UN Member States.The Conference will be participated by theMinisters for Housing and Urban Develop-ment, Mayors and Representatives of localauthorities, the Representatives of UN andother intergovernmental organizations,NGOs, civil society groups, the privatesector, the Habitat Agenda Partners andeminent persons and sectoral experts.
India Hosts Asia-Pacific Ministerial Conference on Human Settlements
Dr. Manmohan Singh
Prime Minister of India
PAGE - 3
Byrraju Foundation,
an NGO set up in July 2001 based inHyderabad currently works in 150 villages, in five districts of Andhra Pradesh. The Foundation’s services are directly madeavailable to more than a million people. An additional one mil-lion who live in the neighboring villages also benefit from itsprograms. Working towards holistic transformation, the Founda-tion focuses on: Healthcare, Education and Adult Literacy, Wa-ter, Environment and Sanitation and Livelihoods.
Establishing ‘Sujala’ Water Plants
The program aims at providing safe drinking water to 100per cent of the population in the adopted villages. Despiteadequate availability of water and substantial investments invillage-level water treatment systems, it was found that‘drinking water’ in 78 per cent of the villages adopted by theFoundation, did not meet the safe drinking water standards.Consequently, a sustainable low-cost community-driven modelthat integrates technology and community participation wasevolved to provide WHO/BIS standard drinking water. Wa-ter is supplied in food-grade HDPE Cans.Byrraju Founda-tion’s drinkingwater program,has resulted inmarked reduc-tion in water-borne diseases. Access to onemillion people,totally safe,affordable –12.5 paise/litre, uninterrupted supply, continuous quality monitoring.People organise transport for home delivery at a nomi-nal charge, if unable to pick up from the water plant.
Individual Sanitary Latrine (ISL)
The Foundation is also promoting sanitation and hygienethrough Individual Sanitary Latrine (ISL) program whichensures hygienic sanitation and a cleaner environment.The ISL is a self-owned sanitation facility made availableto every family living in the Below Poverty Line (BPL) –category. The Foundation has institutionalized regularcollection, segregation and scientific disposal of domes-tic and community waste. 30,000 ISLs have been con-structed so far, 40,000 more ISLs are being built toachieve 100 per cent sanitation in the adopted villages,ISL’s have 95 per cent usage. Adopted villages areequipped with waste removal systems and vermicom-posting has been institutionalized in these villages.
UN-HABITAT’s Study Visit to Pro-poor Water Bottling in Andhra Pradesh
UN-HABITAT had organised a study visit from 15-21 July2006 to Andhra Pradesh where Byrraju Foundation isproviding access to safe bottled drinking water to allsections of society in the rural India. The objective of thisstudy-cum-attachment visit was to understand the com-plete process of community-based water bottling units sothat the participants could fully apprise themselves of theproject’s technical, financial, economic, commercial,social, environmental and other aspects in order to repli-cate the model in their respective countries for providingsafe drinking water by taking up pilot demonstrationprojects. Eng. Musiimenta Julius from Uganda; Mr. Al-bert Muigai & Ms. Mercy Nzioki from Nairobi; Ms.Guheswori Tuladhar, Nepal; Mr. Andre Dzikus, Pro-gramme Manager, UN-HABITAT Nairobi and Dr. Kul-want Singh, CTA, WAC New Delhi participated in thestudy visit.
 An NGO’s Effort in Making Clean Drinking Water andSanitation Accessible and Affordable to over a million
Schematic Representation of the Water Treatment Process

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