this, the sanction for the water and sanitation sector in the cities isquite low. The average sanction of MPLAD fund for water supplyand sanitation projects in the cities during 2000-05 ie as follows:
2. MLA Local Area Development Scheme (MLALAD):
Operational since 1994, this scheme allows for a fixed amount tobe placed at the discretion of the MLA for development of his orher constituency. In Madhya Pradesh, the annual amount per MLAconstituency has been increased from Rs. 20 Lakhs in 2002–03 toRs. 60 Lakhs in 2005-06. However, the amount available underthis scheme is not being utilized in full in the financial year, andthe amount spent on water sanitation projects are quite low. Thesanction of MLALAD fund for water supply and sanitation projectsin the four cities during 2000-05 is as follows:During 2003-05, about 90 to 93 % in Indore, 54 to 60 % in Ja-balpur and 67 to 87 % in Gwalior were not sanctioned. Onanalysis, it become evident that out of entire amount available, atleast 50 % can be exclusively kept aside for water and sanitationworks. Thus, additional funds can be generated to the extent of64.40 Lakhs for Bhopal, Rs 49.45 Lakhs for Indore, Rs 114.38Lakhs for Jabalpur and Rs 61.28 Lakhs for Gwalior. The possibil-ity of mobilisation of funds per annum from various untied re-sources are summarized below:The Government of India initiated the Urban Basic Services Pro-gramme (UBSP) during the 7th Five year Plan period for urbanpoverty alleviation. Establishing linkages between community andcity level planning and management structures through a system-atic devolution of resources and responsibilities to match withcommunity needs, capacities and efforts at resource mobilizationis one of its major objectives. For effective implementation of theprogramme, the state government has constituted the State Ur-ban Development Agency (SUDA) and District Urban Develop-ment Agencies (DUDA). The UN-HABITAT study has recom-mended that the existing system can facilitate the convergenceof the untied resources available at the city level with DUDA.
VOLUME II - ISSUE 07
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Mobilizing MPLAD / MLALAD Resources for Improving Water &Sanitation Facilities in Madhya Pradesh
Today, India's urban population is second largest in the worldafter China, and is higher than the total urban population of allcountries put together barring China, USA and Russia. Over thelast fifty years, while the country’s population has grown by 2.5times, in the urban areas it has grown by five times. This has re-sulted in deterioration in the physical environment and quality oflife. The situation in the cities of Madhya Pradesh is not good, infact in some cases the conditions are alarming, needing properattention to address the problems. The growth of slums in the 4major cities, where the Water for Asian Cities Programme is beingimplemented in support of the ADB financed Urban Water Supply& Environmental Improvement Project of Government of MadhyaPradesh is as follows:There is need for urban reforms to streamline infrastructure facilitiesto improve living conditions in the expanding cities matching withtheir growth. However, for doing so there is need for mobilizationof adequate financial resources.
UN-HABITAT had recently conducted a study on financial resourcemapping using data for the five year period and drafted a strategyfor greater convergence of available resources in the 4 cities toachieve the Millennium Development Goals.In this study, the untied locally available central and state govern-ment funds not necessarily pertaining to the urban administrationdepartment, funds available with the local bodies and non govern-mental sources have been analysed. Special emphasis is on theMember of Parliament Local Area Development (MPLAD) andMember of Legislature Local Area Development (MLALAD)schemes, public contribution schemes, funds available with theULBs and from international and non government organisationsfunding. The trend of flow of fund for the water and sanitary sectorwere discussed and possibility of convergence of untied resourcesfor development for these sectors have been suggested.
Scope for Mobilisation of Untied Fund
1. Member of Parliament Local Area DevelopmentScheme (MPLAD):
Each of the 4 project cities are representedby one Member Parliament (Lower House). Thus at least Rs. 20million from MPLAD fund are available for the development worksin these cities. Besides these, there are 11 MP (Upper House) fromMadhya Pradesh. Some funds, hence, are also available fromMPLAD fund of MP (Upper House) for these cities. However, entireavailable funds are not being utilized. As per the Ministry of Statis-tics & Programme Implementation, Government of India, the utiliza-tion of MPLAD fund in Madhya Pradesh is only 60-80%. Out of
EstimatedSlum Popula-tion (As perMCs)
Slum Popu-lation tototal Popu-lationPercentage
1433.88 487 432 30.1 131
826.92 149 478 57.8 265
1597.44 406 260 16.3 349
951.47 331 400 42.0 47
Particulars Bhopal Indore Jabalpur Gwalior
Sanction of fund for the district(Rs. In Lakhs)470.02 290.65 159.75 245.37Share of city as against totalsanction for the district (%)60.8 57.2 42.1 40.7Share of water & sanitation worksas against sanction for the city (%)35.2 40.1 2.68 13.0
Particulars Bhopal Indore Jabalpur Gwalior
Sanction of fund for the City(Rs. In Lakhs)96.00 169.73 109.80 147.56Total sanction for water & sanita-tion works (Rs. In Lakhs)22.40 100.55 5.62 58.72Share of water & sanitation worksas against sanction for the city (%)30.42 64.26 5.08 39.36
Amount (Rs in Lakhs)
MPLAD Scheme 43.42 9.35 37.63 40.21MLALAD Scheme 64.40 49.45 114.38 61.28