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WAC News Nov 2006

WAC News Nov 2006

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Published by UN-HABITAT Nepal

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Published by: UN-HABITAT Nepal on May 24, 2010
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UN-HABITAT in cooperationwith the Administrative StaffCollege of India (ASCI), Hydera-bad and Singapore UtilitiesInternational Pvt. Ltd (SUI) organ-ised a regional capacity build-ing programme on
“ContinuousWater Supply in Asian Cities” 
for senior policy makers andofficials from water utilities andurban local bodies of the partici-pating countries under Waterfor Asian Cities Programme. Thecore objectives of the pro-gramme were:
To provide a comprehensiveperspective on the transforma-tion required to achieve thecontinuous water supplythrough an integration oftechnical, financial, institu-tional, social and communica-tion aspects.
To acquaint participants withinnovative technologies in theareas of leak detection, waterdemand management, waterconservation etc.
To provide a platform foractive exchange of nationaland international good prac-tices in water management.
To enable the participants toformulate a strategic actionplan to achieve and imple-ment the vision of 24/7 watersupply.The programme was conductedin two-phases, keeping in viewthe objectives of the programmewith a special focus on waterProvision of good quality waterand sanitation facilities to allresidents including the poor, is abasic responsibility of serviceproviders. Moreover, it forms acritical component in achievingthe Millennium DevelopmentGoals (MDGs).
Infrastructure capacity, seen asthe "Wheels of Economic Activ- ity" can deliver major benefits ineconomic growth, poverty alle- viation and environmental sus- tainability - only when it providesservices that respond to demand and does so effectively.
Presently, the water and sanita-tion service levels in urban areasof many Asian countries areinadequate and financially un-sustainable, particularly for theurban poor. For cities to achievea world-class public healthstatus, it is imperative that theymove from an intermittent watersupply system to continuous(24/7) water supply. 24-hourswater supply, 7-days a week isan accepted global norm and isprevalent not only in the cities ofdeveloped countries but also inmany cities in less developedcountries. It is significant thatalong with Europe, African and Asian cities like Kampala(Uganda), Singapore, PhnomPenh (Cambodia) and Dhulikel(Nepal) also have ready accessto clean, potable water avail-able 24-hours/day and with lessexpense than currently availablein most other cities of Asia.
Volume III - Issue 1
Regional Capacity Building Training Programme on“Continuous Water Supply in Asian Cities”
November 2006
HVWSHE Classroom andthe implementation of SESIProject in Jabalpur 2 Task force formed for Water Demand Management 3Urban Environment inButwal Municipality 3Promotion Programme onRainwater Harvesting inKathmandu4
“The human right towater entitles eve-ryone to sufficient,safe, acceptable,physically accessi-ble and affordablewater for personaland domestic use”
—U.N. General Comment No.15 on the right to water,2002
“We feel it ourduty to say thathigh-priced wateris not in the inter-est of public health.Pure water in abun-dance, at a pricewithin the reach ofall, is one of themost powerfulagencies for pro-moting the healthof any community”
—North Carolina Board ofHealth, 1898
demand management. Phase Iof the programme was organ-ised for one-week from 27thNovember to 1st December2006 at ASCI followed byPhase II of the programme forone-week from 4th December to8th December 2006 in SUI,Singapore.The participants were exposedto technical, financial, institu-tional, communication and so-cial issues associated with thewater and sanitation sectorthrough interactive sessions,case studies, field visits etc.Modules covered during Phase Iincluded urban water sector andchange management; systemsmanagement; pricing and costrecovery mechanisms; publicprivate partnerships for acceler-ating change; managing thetransition; organisations readi-ness; and redefining relation-ships. Modules covered duringPhase II included holistic ap-proach to manage non-revenuewater; water conservation meas-ures; leak detection techniques;metering concepts; and pressuremanagement etc.UN-HABITAT had sponsored agroup of 20 senior officials fromwater utilities and urban localbodies representing variouscountries / cities participatingunder the Water for Asian CitiesProgramme viz. MadhyaPradesh, India; Nepal; Lao PDR; Vietnam and PR China for theregional capacity building pro-gramme.
PAGE - 2
November 2006
The HVWSHE classroom is equipped withinteractive panels and models developedon the various themes related to water andsanitation issues and small water testing kitwith a space for interactive activities ses-sion. The basic objective of the classroomis to educate the students about the humanvalues of water and sanitation in day today life. On 8th November 2006, Mr.Hari Ranjan Rao, Project Director, UWSEIProject paid a visit to the Human Values-based Water, Sanitation Hygiene(HVWSHE) classroom setup by the UN-HABITAT in collaboration with Governmentof Madhya Pradesh (GoMP) at Model H.S.School, Jabalpur.The Project Director visited the HVWSHEclassroom in Jabalpur and interacted withthe Principal and the Resource teachers ofthe School. He enquired about the activi-ties being conducted involving studentsand advised the Principal and the Re-source Teachers to organise programmesfor the students in association with theTotal Sanitation Campaign for populariz-ing the HVWSHE classroom and its activi-ties at the District level.
HVWSHE Classroom and the implementation of SESI Project in Jabalpur
The Project Director also visited one of thetarget slum ‘Indira Basti’ where the ‘SlumEnvironment Sanitation Initiative’ is beingimplemented. Senior officers of JabalpurMunicipal Corporation accompanied himduring the visit. He inspected the demon-stration toilets constructed by the house-holds and wall paintings to communicatehygiene massages to bring about behav-ioural change among the people. Thepartner NGO Kshitij briefed the ProjectDirector on the various awareness activi-ties e.g. street play, rallies, camps, exhibi-tions being taken up. The Project Directorhad an impromptu consultation with theslum residents on Water and Sanitationissues. He also interacted with the mem-bers of Community Water and SanitationCommittee (CWASC) and few SHGs re-garding the response of the residents re-garding construction of household toiletsthrough revolving funds. He also handedover a printed letter head to the presidentof CWASC and record-keeping books tooffice bearers of SHGs as a symbol of theirempowerment in the process of socialdevelopment.UN-HABITAT had supported the Na-tional Seminar on “Urban Governancein the Context of Jawaharlal NehruNational Urban Renewal Mission(JNNURM)” organised by the Associa-tion of Urban Management and Devel-opment Authorities (AMDA) at NewDelhi from 24-25 November 2006.The broad objective of the seminarwas to examine the issue of urbangovernance from various perspectivesand within the broad ambit of the re-cently launched JNNURM in India. The JNNURM provides an opportunity forcreation and improved delivery ofurban services, especially water supplyand sanitation which are its thrust ar-eas. The tasks of urban governanceincludes coping with the challenges ofurbanisation, creation of employmentopportunities, alleviating poverty andsustainable urban environmental man-agement combined with participatoryapproaches in urban planning, deci-sion-making and service delivery.
National Seminar on Urban Governance
The seminar addressed some of thecritical issues relating to the aboveunder five sub-themes which, inter alia,included water and sanitation. UN-HABITAT contributed a paper on thetheme of “Issues in the Pursuit of theMillennium Development Targets for Water Supply and Sanitation” in theSeminar. The CTA, UN-HABITAT alsomade a presentation on the subjectand gave the overview of the Waterfor Asian Cities Programme in India.The seminar brought together partici-pants from municipalities and develop-ment authorities as well as policy mak-ers, administrators, academicians andexperts from national and internationalorganisations including Mayors, Com-missioners and other high officials fromcities and towns of Madhya Pradesh.The seminar was inaugurated by Ms.Shiela Dixit, Chief Minister of Delhiand was also addressed by Mr. JaipalReddy, the Union Minister of UrbanDevelopment.UN-HABITAT in collaboration with Sulabh Interna-tional Academy of Environmental Sanitation hadorganized the second International Capacity Building Workshop on “Sanitation Technologies” from 13th to25th November, 2006 at New Delhi . As a part of the implementation of the Habitat Agenda through collaboration with all Partners in-cluding NGOs in achieving the Millennium Goals forSustainable Development in Water, Sanitation andHygiene, this Capacity Building Programme wasorganized for 23 professionals from 9 African coun-tries of Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivorie, Ghana, Kenya,Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Zambia.The capacity-building process will be carried out inthree phases wherein the professionals shall betrained by Sulabh on sanitation technologies, fol-lowed by the implementation of the sanitation pro-jects by the participants in their own countries underSulabh’s technical and administrative supervisionand the review of the projects in Africa by early2008. This programme was an initiative of UN-HABITAT to promote closer cooperation among devel-oping countries by exchanging ideas and appropri-ate technologies.
Capacity Building Workshop on“Sanitation Technologies”
Project Director, UWSEI Project interacting with the community at Indira Basti in Jabalpur 
Constitution of State Level WACProgramme MonitoringCommittee
The Government of Madhya Pradesh hasconstituted a State level WAC ProgrammeMonitoring Committee under thechairmanship of the Secretary, UADD tomonitor the activities of WAC Programmeas well as to ensure proper coordinationamongst Municipal Corporations, DUDA,UWSEI Project, concerned departmentsand UN-HABITAT and its cooperatingpartners WaterAid, Mahila Chetna Manchand Centre for Environmental Education.
UN-HABITAT in cooperation with TownDevelopment Fund (TDF) and the Depart-ment of Drinking Water and Sanitation(DWSS) has planned a three-day Work-shop on “Need Assessment for CapacityBuilding Programme Intervention in SmallTown Water Supply and Sanitation SectorProject” under the Water for Asian Cities(WAC) Programme in Nepal, from 3-5December, 2006 at Nagarkot, Nepal.The workshop aims at assessing the gapsin institutional development of Water User Associations (WUA); realizing role andresponsibility of WUA members; aware-ness on the quality of water and its moni-toring system; awareness on the need forgender mainstreaming; mechanism forsocial inclusion (poor and disadvantagecommunities); and assessing the gap onfinancial management, cost recovery andrepayment of loan.The Workshop shall provide an in-depthinsight for sustainable service delivery ofwater supply and sanitation system imple-mented under Small Town Water Supplyand Sanitation Sector Project.
PAGE - 3
Nepal Water Supply Corporation (NWSC) has formed a taskforce for water demand management to improve water supplysystem in Nepal which will formulate a new strategy for the pur-pose. The water supply system of Pokhara Sub-Metropolitan Citywill be improved as a pilot project according to the new strat-egy. It will then be applied in other parts of the country in aphased manner. A team of technicians and experts have gone toPokhara for on-site study.UN-HABITAT’s WAC programme is to assist NWSC to formulateand implement the new strategy as well as to find other donors
Task force formed for Water Demand Management in Nepal
UN-HABITAT has entered into an agree-ment of cooperation with Practical Action,an NGO based in Nepal for implementat-ing the project on “Integrated Approachesto Improve Urban Environment in ButwalMunicipality” with the main objective ofreducing environmental threats to thehealth and livelihoods of urban slum dwell-ers and help to alleviate poverty in ButwalMunicipality by developing and promotingan integrated approach to improve theurban environment and improve liveli-hoods of poor.Practical Action, Nepal shall be responsi-ble for the overall management and theimplementation of the project includingcapacity building of the community as wellas the municipality, developing neighbour-hood plans for improving the environmentand livelihoods, creating partnerships be-tween CBOs and other stakeholders, rais-ing awareness and influencing policies onenvironmental issues at community, city,national and international levels.The Cooperation Agreement will be for theperiod of 11 months starting from Novem-
Integrated Approaches to Improve UrbanEnvironment in Butwal Municipality
ber 2006 to September 2007, which pri-marily focus on needs assessment, plan-ning and capacity development works.The project is expected to demonstrate aneffective model of partnership for develop-ment of fast track implementation and dem-onstration of community-based low-costwater supply, environmental sanitation,waste management and hygiene promo-tion initiatives for the urban poor andthereby help improving their livelihoods.The organisations are following the innova-tive community-based approaches whichaims at bringing benefits at the neighbour-hood level in ways which are driven andcontrolled primarily by the residents them-selves. Therefore, it contributes to the ex-pected result of implementing and network-ing of innovative technologies, policies,measures and techniques.The proposed project will directly benefit439 Poor households in 8 slums; 2078Poor People living in 8 slums; and Staff ofButwal Municipality by expanding theirknowledge on appropriate WATSAN, Waste management technology.for the programme. Nepal Water Supply Corporation shall de-velop strategies for demand based water supply in the nearfuture to meet the present challenges in the water supply. Thistype of strategy of water supply has been successful in South Africa and in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.For this purpose, a three-day workshop on
“Formulation of NWSC Strategy for Water Demand Management” 
wasorganized by UN-HABITAT in collaboration with NWSC whichwas also supported by the Centre for Integrated Urban Develop-ment (CIUD) and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) India.The main objective of this workshop was to sensitize the plan-ners, managers of the water systems on the aspects of waterdemand management so as to conceive a pilot project for formu-lation of a strategy for water demand management as a keyelement for sustainable water management. While addressing the Water Demand Management Workshop,Mr. Madan Shanker Shrestha, Deputy General Manager ofNWSC informed that ‘the concept of water demand manage-ment is new for us and this approach can increase the efficiencyof the corporation in service delivery’. During the workshop Dr.Roshan Shrestha, Chief Technical Advisor, WAC Programme inNepal pointed out the need of NWSC to set an example ofgood governance as people continue to have good faith andhope in the corporation.
Capacity Building Program forSmall Town Water Supply &Sanitation Project in Nepal

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