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Oracle ASM - DELL case

Oracle ASM - DELL case

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Published by: crisantosouza on May 24, 2010
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11/18/2011

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Multiple
 
Oracle
 
Home
 
Installation
 
Guide
 
for
 
Oracle®
 
10g
 
(10.2.0.3)
 
on
 
Red
 
Hat®
 
Enterprise
 
Linux®
 
4
 
Update
 
5
 
x86_64
 
ASM Installation – Best Practices
Keep the following in mind when installing ASM
 
When running more than one database instance on a single server or node, it isrecommended that you install ASM in its own Oracle home on that server or node. Thisis advisable even if you are running only one database instance but plan to add one ormore database instances to the server or node in the future.With separate Oracle homes, you can upgrade and patch ASM and databasesindependently, and you can deinstall database software without impacting the ASMinstance.If an ASM instance does not already exist and you select the OUI option to install andconfigure ASM only, OUI installs ASM in its own Oracle home.
 
If you are running a single database instance on a server or node and have no plans toadd one or more database instances to this server or node, ASM and the database canshare a single Oracle home.
Deploying Oracle Database with separate ASM Home and Database Home
The following section provides the detailed steps on how to configure multiple Oracle Homes forASM and Oracle instances [i.e. we will have Automatic Storage Management (ASM) instancerunning in one Oracle Home and Database instance running in another one].A. OS Groups and Users setupB. Tasks to be completed before Oracle Home InstallationsC. ASM Oracle Home InstallationD. Database Oracle Home InstallationE. ASM instance setup in ASM Oracle HomeF. Database instance setup in Database Oracle Home
The
 
purpose
 
of 
 
this
 
document
 
is
 
to
 
provide
 
a
 
procedure
 
for
 
installing
 
a
 
multiple
 
Oracle
 
Home
 
for
 
Oracle
 
10g
 
(10.2.0.3)
 
RAC
 
on
 
Red
 
Hat
 
Enterprise
 
Linux
 
AS
 
4
 
Update
 
5
 
x86_64.
 
 
G. Verification and validation
A. OS Groups and Users Setup
The OS groups and their description are as given below – i.
oinstall
- owner of oracle inventoryii.
asmdba
- osdba group for ASM Oracle Homeiii.
dba
- osdba group for Database Oracle Home
Note:
Make sure that GID for the above OS groups is uniform across all nodes in the cluster.The OS users and their description are as given below – 1.
oracleasm
- owner of ASM Oracle Home. Member of oinstall, amsdbagroups2.
oracle
- owner of Database Oracle Home. Member of oinstall, dba,asmdba groups
Note:
The following points should be considered for providing permissions for above OS users.
 
The oracle user for Database instance (oracle) needs to be a member of the dba groupfor the ASM instance (asmdba).
ASM oracle user (oracleasm) does not need to be in the dba group for the DB instance(dba).
Also all ASM disks must have read/write permission to the ASM dba group.
 
B. Tasks to be completed before Oracle Home Installations
Complete the following steps before starting the ASM and Database Oracle Home installations
Make entry for oracle and oracleasm users in the /etc/hosts.equiv file for public, privateand public nodes. Below is an example of the /etc/hosts.equiv entries-node1.dell.com oraclenode2.dell.com oraclepnode1.dell.com oraclepnode2.dell.com oraclevnode1.dell.com oraclevnode2.dell.com oraclenode1.dell.com oracleasmnode2.dell.com oracleasmpnode1.dell.com oracleasmpnode2.dell.com oracleasmvnode1.dell.com oracleasmvnode2.dell.com oracleasm
Change permissions for ASM disks to oracleasm:asmdba
Create Oracle Base and Oracle Homes for ASM Oracle Home and Database OracleHome as shown below.Oracle Base : /opt/oracleASM Oracle Home : /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/asm_1Database Oracle Home : /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
Change ownership and permissions for ASM Oracle Home as shown below.chown –R oracleasm:asmdba /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/asm_1chmod 775 /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/asm_1
Change ownership and permissions for Database Oracle Home as shown below.chown –R oracleasm:asmdba /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1chmod 775 /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
Create the OraInventory directory and set the permissions for that as shown below.OraInventory location : /opt/oracle/oraInventorychown –R oracleasm:asmdba /opt/oracle/oraInventorychmod 775 /opt/oracle/oraInventory

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