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Test Icse Chemistry

Test Icse Chemistry

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a test organised in institution,
a test organised in institution,

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Published by: vishudhanandchoudhary9056 on May 25, 2010
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12/01/2013

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X STD. ICSE CHEMISTRY- [de’s foundation ,jamshedpur]Revision test 1
Topics HCl , Ammonia and Periodic Table
Time 45minsMax marks 40 Note - All questions are compulsory
Section 1
Q 1A) Explain the statements (3mks)1.Calcium hydroxide is preferred to sodium hydroxide in the lab preparation of ammonia gas.2.Hydrogen chloride gas fumes in moist air.3.Properties of elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers.Answer 1.Calcium hydroxide is not deliquescent where as other caustic alkalis aredeliquescent.2.Hydrogen chloride gas has high solubility. The gas dissolves in the moisture present in the air and forms a mist of droplets of HCl acid and hence fumes inmoist air.3.When elements are arranged in the increasing order of their atomic numbers, thereis a recurrence of similar properties at definite intervals of time in the periodictable. Hence properties of elements are periodic functions of their atomicnumbers.B) Give balanced equations for the following (3mks)1.Magnesium nitride is warmed with water 2.Conversion of hydrogen chloride to chlorine gas.3.Action of dil. HCl on a metallic sulphite.Answer 1.Mg
3
 N
2
+ 6H
2
O
3Mg (OH)
2
+ 2NH
3
2.MnO
2
+ 4HCl
MnCl
2
+ 2H
2
O + Cl
2
3.Na
2
SO
3
+ 2HCl
2NaCl + SO
2
+ H
2
OC) What would you observe when (4 mks)1.Hydrgen chloride gas is passed through methyl orange solution.2.Ammonia is passed through colourless Nesseler’s reagent3.Dilute HCl is added to silver nitrate solution.4.Aqueous solution of ammonia is added to a sample of ferrous sulphate solution.Answer 1.Methyl orange solution turns pink.2.Colourless Nesseler’s reagent turns reddish brown and on passage of excess gas a brown precipitate is obtained.3.A curdy white precipitate is obtained.4. A dirty green precipitate is obtained.
 
D) Answer the following (4mks)1.What is the role of concentrated hydrochloric acid in aqua regia, which is used todissolve noble metals?2.Name the other acid present in it.3.Write chemical equations to illustrate the dissolution of gold in aqua regia.Answer 1.Concentrated hydrochloric acid gets oxidized by conc. Nitric acid and providesnascent clorine, which combines with the metals to form chlorides.2.Concentrated Nitric acid3.HNO
3
+ 3HCl
NOCl + 2H
2
O + 2[Cl]Au +3 [Cl]
AuCl
3
E) Electronic configuration of elements A, B and C are as follows (4mks)A- 2,8,2B-2, 5C-2, 8,71.State the type of bonding in a molecule of B2.Write the formula of the compound formed between A and B3.Draw an electron dot diagram to show the bonding between B and C4.Which element is likely to be a good conductor and why?Answer 1.Covalent bonding.2. A
3
B3.Draw an electron dot diagram to show the bonding between B and C4.A is a good conductor because it has 2 valence electrons and is hence metallic innature.F) Answer as “ increases”/ “decreases”(Do not rewrite the statements) (2mks)1.As we move down a group, reactivity of metals ____________ and nucleaattraction __________.2.Across the period electro-negativity ____________ and metallicnature_____________.Answer 1Increases2Decrease
 
3Increases4 Decreases
Section 2
Q 2ElementsAlSiClPMgNaSAtomicradius A
0
1.241.170.991.101.371.561.041.Arrange the above elements as they appear in the periodic table2.Justify the arrangement as shown by you.3.To which period do these elements belong?4.Name the most electronegative element in this family.5.Name the element, which has four valance electrons.Answer 1.Na, Mg, Al. Si, P, S, Cl2.Across a period atomic radius decreases.3.Third period.4. Chlorine.5. Silicon.Q 3 The ammonium ion can be represented as1.What is the bond between nitrogen and the circled hydrogen atoms called?2.What does the direction of the arrow signify?3.Name another ion, which shows similar bonding.4.Write equations to show the dissolution of ammonia in water.5.Name the experiment by means of which you can demonstrate the high solubilityof ammonia.Answer 1. Co-ordinate covalent bond.2. Nitrogen donates one lone pair of electrons to the hydrogen ion.3. Hydronium ion4.NH
3
+ H
2
O
NH
4
OH, NH
4
OH == NH
4+
+ OH
--
5.Fountain Experiment. 

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