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Organization Study @ Indian Rare Earths Ltd

Organization Study @ Indian Rare Earths Ltd

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Published by BASIL GEORGE

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Published by: BASIL GEORGE on May 25, 2010
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INDIAN RARE EARTHS LIMITED
CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION
Each and every organization has its own importance in the economic wealth of thenation. Different organization meets different needs of people by offering different products and services. Due to globalization, the world has changed into a globalvillage. In this fast changing business scenario, it is imperative for every entrepreneur to have a vivid understanding of the functional application of the new age business. Asa part of the academic curriculum each student has to undertake an organizationalstudy to get a practical exposure. This study is conducted at INDIAN RARE EARTHSLIMITED, CHAVARA.IREL, CHAVARA is located 10km north of Kollam, 85kms fromThiruvananthapuram, capital of Kerala and 135kms by road from Kochi is perhaps blessed with the best mineral sand deposit of the country. The plant operates on amining area containing as high as 40% heavy minerals and extending over a length of 22kms in the belt of Neendakara and Kayamkulam. The deposit is quite rich withrespect to Ilmenite, Rutile and Zircon. And the mineral Ilmenite happens to be of weathered variety analyzing 60% Titanium Dioxide (TiO2). The present annual production capacity of Chavara unit engaged in dry as well as wet (dredging/ upgradation) mining and mineral separation stands at 2,00,000 tone of Ilmenite, 1,14,500tones of Rutile, 11,750 tones of Zircon and 10,000 tones of Sillimanite. In addition tothat, the plant has facilities for annual production of ground Zircon called Zirflour andMicozir of the order of 6000 tones and 300 tones respectively.IREL Chavara is one of the oldest and leading public sector undertakings under theDepartment of Atomic Energy (DAE). It is an ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001:2000; OHSAS18000 certified company supplies beach sand minerals to the foreign and domesticmarket. It caters the requirements of developed countries like U.S.A, U.K, Germany,Australia, Japan etc. The major mineral products of IREL are Ilmenite, Rutile,Sillimanite, Zircon and Zirflour IRE in Chavara is known for supplying of Ilmenite (TiO2 bearing mineral) to the TiO2industry. IREL Chavara is located 10 km north of Kollam, 85 km fromThiruvananthapuram and 135 km by road Kochi is perhaps blessed with the mineral sanddeposit of the country. The plant operates on a mining area containing as high as 40%heavy minerals and extending over a length of 22km in the belt of Neendakara and
Berchmans Institute of Management studies
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INDIAN RARE EARTHS LIMITED
Kayamkulam. The deposit is quite rich with Ilmenite, Rutile and Zircon and mineralIlmenite happens to be of weathered variety analyzing 60% TiO2. The present annual production capacity of Chavara unit engaged in dry as well as wet (dredging/upgradation) mining and mineral separation stands at 200000t of Ilmenite, 114500t of Rutile,1175t of Zircon, and 10000t of Sillimanite. In addition the plant has facilities for annual production of ground Zircon called Zirflour (-45 micron) and Microzir (1-3micron) of the order of 6000t and 500t respectively.IREL Chavara is one of the oldest and leading public sector undertakings under thecontrol of Department of Atomic Energy. It is an ISO 9001:2000, ISO14001:2004, andOHSAS18001:1999 certified company supplies beach sand minerals to the foreign anddomestic customers. The major minerals products of IREL are Ilmenite, Rutile,Sillimanite, Zircon and Zirflour.
Reason for selecting IREL
IREL is one of the major mineral producing public sector companies of its kind in IndiaIn this study I will be covering organization as a whole briefly.
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INDIAN RARE EARTHS LIMITED
CHAPTER 2INDUSTRY PROFILE
Rare earths elements, series of chemical elements of the periodic table. The Rare elementsinclude the elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71. In the early years theseelements were considered as rare elements and so they are called as rare earth metals.Later many elements in this group were found splendid but their name remainedunchanged. The primary source of rare earth elements is greenish yellow colouredmineral sand, which is Monazite .Its availability in nature is confined to certain beachesand rock found in certain countries. The beaches containing the monazite are found mixedwith other minerals too. Most of these are ores for valuable metals. An ore is a mineralfrom which metal can be separated economically. These ores are Ilmenite, Rutile, andZircon. Ilmenite and Rutile forms the ore for Titanium, Zircon for Zirconium; eventhough Aluminium bearing metal Garnet and Sillimanite are also found along with these beach sand minerals. But they are not commercially exploited for Aluminium productiondue to economic reasons. However Garnet and Sillimanite, in their natural form, arecommercially significant. Ilmenite which is black in colour constitutes a major chunk of these minerals (60%) presence of these minerals makes the beaches appear black. Theseminerals are commercially known as beach sand minerals or heavy minerals.The origin of beach sand is from rocks, which are rich with heavy minerals. This sand particle reaches sea through rivers. The sea level is not remaining constant. It is regardedthat the sea level, it is now really 100 meters above what we had seen 20,000 years ago.This white sand seen at the beach area contains he main constitute as Quartz. This islighter than black sand .As a result of movements of the sea this sand will erode away and black sand get deposited. The black sand thus deposited 100 years ago is mined and processed.In the year 1789 Fr. William George (1761-1817) discovered Ilmenite at knower inEngland and started that this black sand contains some important metal. But he failed todiscover which metal it was. After several time, in the year1875 the Hungarian scientistMartin Heen Witch Klapporth found the same metal contents in the Rutile minerals aboutwhich Fr.William George mentioned. After a series o investigations are found thosemetals content as Titanium after ‘Titan’ of Greek mythology.Technology developed over the years has made the beach sand. Minerals are utilized in avariety of industrial and domestic applications. Monazite was mainly used in the gas
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