EXTRA OPPORTUNITY FOR CH. 41 AND 42 EXAMYOU MAY CHOOSE TO ANSWER UP TO 3 ESSAY QUESTIONS FROM THEFOLLOWING. IF THEY ARE ANSWERED IN YOUR OWN WORDS, ARE AMINIMUM OF 2 PARAGRAPHS EACH AND ARE ANSWERED ACCORDING TO APSTANDARDS, YOU WILL RECEIVE UP TO 4 POINTS FOR EACH QUESTIONANSWERED. IF YOU CHOOSE TO ANSWER ALL 3, YOU MUST CHOOSE ATLEAST ONE THAT ADDRESS EACH TOPIC COVERED ON THE EXAM:
DIGESTION, RESPIRATION, AND CIRCULATION
. AN EXAMPLE MIGHT BETHAT YOU ANSWER QUESTIONS FROM, 1976 (RESPIRATION), 1986(DIGESTION), AND 1993 (CIRCULATION). ESSAYS ARE DUE BY FRIDAYAT 4pm. IF YOU CANNOT WRITE LEGIBLY, TYPE YOUR RESPONSES!!!!!!!!
:The action of organs and organ systems must be coordinated.Discuss the interaction of factors involved in controlling heartrate and breathing rate in mammals during periods of relaxationand periods of stress.1976:Discuss the intake, transport, exchange, and release ofgases in mammals.
:In humans, discuss the transport of gases (oxygen andcarbon dioxide) by the blood and exchange of these gases betweenthe blood and cells of the body. Include in your discussion thecellular and fluid composition of the blood.
Describe the structure of a mammalian respiratory system.Include in your discussion the mechanisms of inspiration andexpiration.
Describe the processes of fat and protein digestion andproduct absorption as they occur in the human stomach and smallintestine. Include a discussion of the enzymatic reactionsinvolved.
Discuss the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide thatoccur at the alveoli and muscle cells of mammals. Include inyour answer a description of the transportof these gases in the blood.
Many physiological changes occur during exercise. (a) Design a controlled experiment to test the hypothesisthat an exercise session causes short-term increases in heartrate and breathing rate in humans.