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Why the Delayed Hand Release increases Golf Swing Speed & Distance

# Why the Delayed Hand Release increases Golf Swing Speed & Distance

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This article describes the physics and mechanics behind one of the most critical downswing techniques you can use to increase your driving distance...

This article describes the physics and mechanics behind one of the most critical downswing techniques you can use to increase your driving distance...

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07/10/2012

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Why delaying the release of your hands on the downswing increases golf swingspeed and distance
The technique of delaying the release of the hands to generate swing power has been welldocumented and written about for years. What is not well understood by many golfers, isthe extent this technique has on their "swing speed" performance.In this article I am going to explain the "mechanics" and "physics" behind this techniqueto demonstrate just how effective it is at generating tremendous swing speed.Many of the smaller golfers on tour use this technique very effectively for generatinghigh swing speed. One player in particular who stands out is Sergio Garcia.Pound for pound Sergio Garcia he has one of the most effective swings in golf. Weighingin at only 160lbs he packs a mighty punch off the tees, consistently exceeding drivingdistances of over 320 yards.Much of the success of his swing comes down to how he lags his hands on thedownswing. Interestingly enough, his technique is very similar to another successful ballstriker who also was not a big man, Ben Hogan.
The Physics behind the delayed hand release
I must apologize to you first.I am going to dive straight into the raw "physics of the swing" without giving you muchof a lead in due to the limitation of space for the article.The equation for "power" is given as the rate at which energy is released on an object:Power = Energy/timeTo increase the power of a golf swing and therefore the "swing speed" that you cangenerate in the swing, you have two options:-Increase the energy stored during the swing.-Decrease the time it takes to release this energy on the down swing.The easy way to understand the "power" equation is to look at walking up a flight of stairs.The potential energy you need to get your body to the top stair depends on your weightand the height you are climbing. The power you can generate depends on how fast you

can release this energy to get to the top stair. The faster you can climb the stairs, the morepower you have.The physics behind this article on the "delayed hand release" is focused on the samething, the time to release the energy of the swing on the downswing. The less time ittakes, the greater the swing power.Newton 's 2nd Law can be applied to two types of motion:-Linear Motion, which is for objects moving in a straight line governed by the followingequation:Force = Mass x Acceleration-Circular or Angular Motion governed again by the same law but with a differentequivalent equation:Torque = Moment of Inertia x Angular AccelerationTorque is the rotational equivalent of force, and Moment of Inertia is the rotationalequivalent of "Mass" in Newton 's 2nd Law both of which and are governed by the"radius of rotation" of the object in question.Since the golf swing is a circular motion, this is the equation that governs the motion of the swing.
Swing Speed and Angular Acceleration
I want to make sure you fully understand the term "swing speed" before we go further.We hear the term being used a lot on the TV coverage on the tour events.In a nut shell that term refers to the speed at which the club head is traveling as it strikesthe ball. Now, I am sure that you are aware that the faster the club head is traveling, orthe faster the "swing speed" the further you are able to hit the ball.The swing speed of the club head at impact depends on how quickly you are able to"accelerate your downswing turn" from the top of your backswing where the swing speedis ZERO, to the point of impact with the ball.Just as the speed reached over a quarter mile by a drag racer depends on the accelerationcapabilities of the car from the zero stand still position.That being the case, take a closer look at our equation and try to figure out how you canincrease the rate of acceleration of the down swing turn....Torque = Moment of Inertia x Angular Acceleration

You essentially have two options:-Increase the torque generated in the swing.-Reduce the Moment of Inertia of the swing.Looking at ways to increase the torque in the swing is a whole chapter in itself. In mybook, I have identified multiple techniques for increasing swing torque.In this article though, I am going to focus only on reducing the "Moment of Inertia" orMOI of the swing to increase angular acceleration.
Reducing Moment of Inertia