Q1. The 11th Hour: Detailed description of why and how a human activity isharmful?
Ans. As you may intuit from its title,
The 11th Hour
warns us that we're at that lastmoment when change can be made to avoid global environmental disaster. Life wasformed 40 million years ago through a tiny particle known as a cell. That was the keyto every single life form on the earth today. Humanity means humans and natureliving on earth together. Nowadays we are causing devastation to the earth –our mother planet, which is the very foundation of our life system that has given birth. If we destroy nature we destroy ourselves.Leonardo DiCaprio focus the public's attention on current environmental issues,climate related events and recent calamities. Global Warming is the increase in theworld’s average temperature believed to result from the release of carbon dioxide andother gases into the atmosphere by the burning of the fossil fuels.The demand for, and use of, the world’s resources continues to grow at anincreasingly rapid rate. The biggest cause of the earth’s bad health is
as more countries try to develop industrially and economically. And
as the world’s population continues to increase. At one point PaulHawken says "What a great time to be born! What a great time to be alive! Becausethis generation gets to completely change this world."In the mid-1990s when industrial revolution took place so steam engines and fossilfuel era was introduced, this harmed the nature as from thereon non-renewableresources began to be used abundantly and widely. This is mainly due to thisdiscovery of, coal, oil and natural gas which accounts for 87.8% of the worldscommercially produced energy. These are forms of stored solar energy produced by photosynthesis in plants over thousands years. As these three types of energy, referredto as fossil fuels, take so long to form and be replaced, they are regarded as non-renewable. Each year the world (in reality mainly the developed countries), consumesan amount of fossil fuel that took nature some 1 million years to provide-a rate far inexcess of their replacement. Fossil fuels have, in the past, been relatively easy toobtain and cheap to use, but they have become major polluters of the environment.Two other non-renewable sources of energy should be noted. Nuclear energy usesuranium and so is not a fossil fuel. Fuelwood is a non-commercial source of energy. If included with the other forms of energy, it provides an estimated 14% of the worldsand 35% of the developing countries energy requirements.The main contributors to global warming are carbon dioxide and other pollutantsreleased into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is the most important single factor inglobal warming. It is produced by road vehicles and by burning fossil fuels in power stations, in factories & in the home. Since the economically more developed countriesconsume three-quarters of the world’s energy, they are largely responsible for globalwarming. A secondary source of carbon dioxide is deforestation and the burning of the tropical rainforests. CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) from aerosols, air conditioners,foam packaging and refrigerators are the most damaging of the greenhouse gases.Methane is released from decaying organic matter such as peat bogs, swamps, wastedumps, animal dung and farms (e.g. rice fields in south-east Asia). Nitrous oxide isemitted from car exhausts, power stations and agricultural fertilizer.