CELLDefinition: Area Coverage of Radio Base of Station.Type :Sectored Cell, Omni Cell, etcCoverage measure:MacroCell (>5 km), MicroCell (3 – <5km), PicoCell (<1km)Wide range of rates :Segmentation of the area into cells :1.Use of the several carrier frequencies2.Not the same frequencies in adjoining cells3.Cell sizes vary from some 100 m up to 35 km depending on user density, geography,transceiver power, etc.4.Hexagonal shape of cell is idealized (Cell overlap)5.If a mobile user changes cells : handover of the connection to the neighbour cell.
GSM Frequency Reuse:
Tighter Reuse : + higher capacity ; – Interference between cells.Design Frequency Reuse:Basic Parameters:
C/I = Measure of signal quality* FDMA (AMPS) : C/I > 18 dB ===> ====>* TDMA (GSM) : C/I > 12 dB ===>====>* CDMA : Quality evaluated from Eb/Io
Cluster (K) = Frequency grouping*Measure of Cluster depended from C/I system condition.
N ( Total Frequency Spare)
Frequency Reuse pattern with
N = 6
K = 4
SIGNAL TO INTERFERENCE RATIO :
1.Consider closest co-channel cells (SIRmin)2.Measure of Cluster (N)3.Co-Channel reuse distance ratio
Is needed at the time of :
Overload traffic on cell mount.
TCH CongestionTo increase the capacity, the operator performs cell splittings:Strategy Frequency Reuse pattern for cell splitting