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Frequency Planning

Frequency Planning

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Published by Bejeta

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Published by: Bejeta on May 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/21/2013

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CELLDefinition: Area Coverage of Radio Base of Station.Type :Sectored Cell, Omni Cell, etcCoverage measure:MacroCell (>5 km), MicroCell (3 – <5km), PicoCell (<1km)Wide range of rates :Segmentation of the area into cells : 1.Use of the several carrier frequencies2.Not the same frequencies in adjoining cells3.Cell sizes vary from some 100 m up to 35 km depending on user density, geography,transceiver power, etc.4.Hexagonal shape of cell is idealized (Cell overlap)5.If a mobile user changes cells : handover of the connection to the neighbour cell.
 
GSM Frequency Reuse:
Reuse factor
Tighter Reuse : + higher capacity ; – Interference between cells.Design Frequency Reuse: Basic Parameters:
C/I = Measure of signal quality* FDMA (AMPS) : C/I > 18 dB ===> ====>* TDMA (GSM) : C/I > 12 dB ===> ====>* CDMA : Quality evaluated from Eb/Io
Cluster (K) = Frequency grouping*Measure of Cluster depended from C/I system condition.
N ( Total Frequency Spare)
Example :
Frequency Reuse pattern with
N = 6
so that:
K = 4
 
SIGNAL TO INTERFERENCE RATIO :
1.Consider closest co-channel cells (SIRmin) 2.Measure of Cluster (N)3.Co-Channel reuse distance ratio
CELL SPILTTING
Is needed at the time of :
1.
Overload traffic on cell mount.
2.
TCH CongestionTo increase the capacity, the operator performs cell splittings:Strategy Frequency Reuse pattern for cell splitting

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