TOPIC 5 PLANNING
HOW TO PLAN EFFECTIVELY?
Effective planning involves five main processes
(a) determining the objectivesthat need to be achieved; (b) building individual commitment towards achievingthe objectives; (c) forming action plans; (d) monitoring progress; and (e)maintaining flexibility (Williams, 2000). These processes are not only meant toestablish planning but also meant to ensure that the planning is implementedcorrectly and effectively.(a)
The first step in planning is to determine the objectives to achieve. A goodobjective should have the S.M.A.R.T. features
specific, measurable,attainable, realistic and timely
as illustrated in Figure 5.1.
Features to achieve good objectives
The objective must be stated specifically. Suppose an organisationintends to increase its production this year. Then, it must state clearlyhow much of an increase it wants to achieve, for example, 10 or 20percent or more.(ii)
A good objective is an objective that can be measured quantitatively.This measurement is important to determine whether the objectivecan be achieved or not. Based on the example above, the increase inproduction can be measured by calculating the products produced.
What do you understandby effective planning in an organisation?