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United States Marine Corps_Marine Corps Intelligence Activity_Urban Warfare Study:City Case Studies Compilation_April 1999

United States Marine Corps_Marine Corps Intelligence Activity_Urban Warfare Study:City Case Studies Compilation_April 1999

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Published by manuals&manuals
As the forward deployed expeditionary element of
United States military power, the United States Marine
Corps (USMC) must be prepared to react quickly and
effectively in the most unconventional of theaters.
Given this unique war fighting mission, the Marine
Corps has had much experience throughout its history
operating in urban environments. In this decade alone,
Marines have deployed in several major peacekeeping
operations; all have required a concentration of force
in major urban centers. Operations in Somalia, Haiti,
and Bosnia have proven that military operations on
urbanized terrain (MOUT) are complex and challenging.
Preparing for the demands of urban operations
requires continual innovations in strategy, operations,
tactics, and technology.
In the future, Marine will face urban environment situations
where different categories and activities will be
conducted concurrently. Missions such as humanitarian
assistance operations; peace operations; and full scale,
high-intensity combat may occur simultaneously
within three city blocks. The Commandant of
the Marine Corps has labeled this concept the “three
city block war.” Integrating and coordinating these
varying missions — each of which has its own operational
characteristics — will challenge Marines to use
their skill and determination in imaginative ways. The
presence of large numbers of noncombatants and the
potential difficulty in distinguishing noncombatants
from hostile forces will further complicate the task of
operating in the urban environment.
The Marine Corps has recognized these challenges
and is staging URBAN WARRIOR exercises to test
new tactics and equipment designed to make the
USMC the leading U.S. force in MOUT. For example, as part of URBAN WARRIOR, the Marine Corps
War fighting Lab (MCWL) has sponsored:
n
Three URBAN WARRIOR Limited Objective
Experiments that examined small unit combined
arms operations in the urban environment;
n
Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain
Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration
(MOUT ACTD) experiments that examined the use
of man-portable shields and breaching technologies;
and
n
The first Responder LTA, a medical assessment
examining new tactical possibilities for hospital
corpsmen in urban warfare.
Analysis of the Russian, Israeli, and British military
operations in urban terrain yielded the following overall
strategic, operational, tactical, and technical lessons.
As the forward deployed expeditionary element of
United States military power, the United States Marine
Corps (USMC) must be prepared to react quickly and
effectively in the most unconventional of theaters.
Given this unique war fighting mission, the Marine
Corps has had much experience throughout its history
operating in urban environments. In this decade alone,
Marines have deployed in several major peacekeeping
operations; all have required a concentration of force
in major urban centers. Operations in Somalia, Haiti,
and Bosnia have proven that military operations on
urbanized terrain (MOUT) are complex and challenging.
Preparing for the demands of urban operations
requires continual innovations in strategy, operations,
tactics, and technology.
In the future, Marine will face urban environment situations
where different categories and activities will be
conducted concurrently. Missions such as humanitarian
assistance operations; peace operations; and full scale,
high-intensity combat may occur simultaneously
within three city blocks. The Commandant of
the Marine Corps has labeled this concept the “three
city block war.” Integrating and coordinating these
varying missions — each of which has its own operational
characteristics — will challenge Marines to use
their skill and determination in imaginative ways. The
presence of large numbers of noncombatants and the
potential difficulty in distinguishing noncombatants
from hostile forces will further complicate the task of
operating in the urban environment.
The Marine Corps has recognized these challenges
and is staging URBAN WARRIOR exercises to test
new tactics and equipment designed to make the
USMC the leading U.S. force in MOUT. For example, as part of URBAN WARRIOR, the Marine Corps
War fighting Lab (MCWL) has sponsored:
n
Three URBAN WARRIOR Limited Objective
Experiments that examined small unit combined
arms operations in the urban environment;
n
Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain
Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration
(MOUT ACTD) experiments that examined the use
of man-portable shields and breaching technologies;
and
n
The first Responder LTA, a medical assessment
examining new tactical possibilities for hospital
corpsmen in urban warfare.
Analysis of the Russian, Israeli, and British military
operations in urban terrain yielded the following overall
strategic, operational, tactical, and technical lessons.

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Published by: manuals&manuals on May 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/08/2013

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M
ARINE
C
ORPS
I
NTELLIGENCE
A
CTIVITY
Urban Warfare Study:City Case StudiesCompilation
April 1999
 
Urban Warfare Study: City Case Studies Compilation
This is a Marine Corps Intelligence Activity Publication
 Information Cutoff Date: 1 February 1999
Prepared by: Intelligence Production DivisionRegional Analysis BranchEurope/Eurasia SectionDSN: 278-6156COMM: (703) 784-6156Marine Corps Intelligence ActivityATTN: MCIA 04Quantico, Virginia 22134-5011DSN: 278-6126COMM: (703) 784-6126

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