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Definitions of LGBT Terms

Definitions of LGBT Terms

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Published by: BlueEELI on May 26, 2010
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02/06/2013

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Definitions of LGBT Terms
Adapted from the Northwest Network of Bisexual, Trans and Lesbian Survivors of Abuse(formerly AABL), the Survivor Project, and University of Michigan Spectrum Center
Ally
: a person who is a member of the dominant or majority group who works to end oppression inher or his own personal and professional life through support of and as an advocate with and for theoppressed population. This definition can be expanded to include TBLG-identified people who areallies within their community. Although all of the different identities within “TBLG” are oftenlumped together, and share sexism as a common root of oppression, there are specific needs andconcerns related to each individual identity.
Androgyny
(also androgynous, bi-gendered, no-gendered): A person who identifies as a member of  both or neither of the two culturally-defined genders, female/male, or a person who expressesmerged culturally/stereotypically feminine and masculine characteristics or mainly neutralcharacteristics.
Asexual
: A person who does not experience sexual attraction. See www.asexuality.org.
BDSM or S/M
: Bondage, Domination and Sadomasochism.
Biocentrism
: when used in reference to the trans community, it is the widely-held belief that a person who was born as a male or a female is more “real” and more valid than the individual whohas become man or woman through hormonal, surgical, and cosmetic means.
 
Biphobia
: the systematic oppression of bisexual people specifically because they are neither gay nor straight. For example, many bisexual people feel that they are forced to choose between twoidentities which do not fit.
Bisexual
: a person whose sexual and romantic feelings may be for people of any sex
Butch/Stud:
a person (usually a woman) who has traditionally-understood masculine traits or  behavior 
Closet(ed):
A term used to describe LBGTIQQ (QQ for queer or questioning) who are not out tothemselves and/or others.
Cross-dresser
(n): While gender identity and gender assignment match, cross-dresser indicatessomeone who wears clothes that social custom dictates belong to a different gender role. May/maynot take on a separate name and/or set of mannerisms appropriate to the role matching currentclothing. Frequently interested in matching others’ gender attribution of the cross-dresser to currentclothing.
Drag King/Queen
(n): As a cross-dresser, but usually cross-dressing for performances and not asoften interested in having gender attributed on the basis of clothing.
Fag/dyke/etc
.: these are terms which some people have also chosen to reclaim for themselves,although they have a history of being used in hurtful ways. While many people may use these termsto refer to themselves and their communities, most people still find these terms oppressive if theyare used by people outside of the community.
Femme
: a person (usually a woman) who has stereotypically and traditionally understood femininetraits or behavior. Lesbians who are femme are sometimes called “lipstick lesbians.”
FTM/F2M
(Female to male): Term used variously to identify a person who was female-bodied at birth and who identifies as masculine, identifies as male, lives as a man, or (most often) may becontemplating sex-reassignment surgery.
 
Gay
: a man or boy whose primary sexual and romantic feelings are for people of the same sex.While many people use this term only to refer to gay men, others use it as a general term to include both men and women; for example, “the gay community.”
Gay Bashing/hate crimes
: violence, or the threat of violence, that is used against queers either  because they are queer, or because they do not fit society’s expectations of how men and women aresupposed to look and act. While hate crimes can be used to reinforce and support homophobia, theycan also be used to reinforce and support other kinds of oppression, such as racism, anti-Semitism,sexism, etc.
Gender Assignment
: Medical personnel assign newborns to a gender, boy or girl, at birth based ona visual inspection of their genitalia, if they do not appear to be intersex, otherwise after further testing.
Gender Attribution
: What someone assumes a person’s gender to be when observing that person.
Gender Expression
: Refers to the ways in which people communicate their gender identity toothers through behavior, clothing, hairstyle, voice and emphasizing, de-emphasizing or changingtheir body’s characteristics. Gender expression is not necessarily an indication of sexual orientation.
Gender Identity
: The sense of “being” female or “being” male. For some people, gender identity isin accord with physical anatomy. For transgender people, gender identity may differ from physicalanatomy or expected social roles. It is important to note that gender identity, biological sex, andsexual orientation are not necessarily linked.
Gender Role
: The socially-constructed and culturally-specific expectations of behavior andappearance imposed on women (“femininity”) and men (“masculinity”).
Genderqueer
: Genderqueers possess identities that fall outside of the widely-accepted sexual binary (female/male) system. Individuals who challenge both gender and sexual-orientation normsand see gender identity and sexual orientation as overlapping and interconnected.

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