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Cleaning Laboratory Glassware for gold refining

Cleaning Laboratory Glassware for gold refining

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Published by AFLAC ............
Cleaning Laboratory Glassware for gold refining
Cleaning Laboratory Glassware for gold refining

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: AFLAC ............ on May 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/27/2012

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Cleaning laboratory glassware isn't as simple as washing the dishes. Here's how towash your glassware so that you won't ruin your chemical solution or laboratoryexperiment.
Cleaning Basics
It's generally easier to clean glassware if you do it right away. When detergent isused, it's usually one designed for lab glassware, such as Liquinox or Alconox.These detergents are preferable to any dishwashing detergent you might use ondishes at home.Much of the time, detergent and tap water are neither required nor desirable. Youcan rinse the glassware with the proper solvent, then finish up with a couple ofrinses with distilled water, followed by final rinses with deionized water.
How to Wash Out Common Lab Chemicals
Water Soluble Solutions(e.g., sodium chloride or sucrose solutions) Rinse 3-4 times with deionized waterthen put the glassware away.
Water Insoluble Solutions(e.g., solutions in hexane or chloroform) Rinse 2-3 times with ethanol or acetone,rinse 3-4 times with deionized water, then put the glassware away. In somesituations other solvents need to be used for the initial rinse.
Strong Acids(e.g., concentrated HCl or H
2
SO
4
) Under the fume hood, carefully rinse theglassware with copious volumes of tap water. Rinse 3-4 times with deionizedwater, then put the glassware away.
Strong Bases(e.g., 6M NaOH or concentrated NH
4
OH) Under the fume hood, carefullyrinse the glassware with copious volumes of tap water. Rinse 3-4 times withdeionized water, then put the glassware away.
Weak Acids(e.g., acetic acid solutions or dilutions of strong acids such as 0.1M or 1M HClor H
2
SO
4
) Rinse 3-4 times with deionized water before putting theglassware away.
 
Weak Bases(e.g., 0.1M and 1M NaOH and NH
4
OH) Rinse thoroughly with tap water toremove the base, then rinse 3-4 times with deionized water before puttingthe glassware away.
Washing Special Glassware
Glassware Used for Organic ChemistryRinse the glassware with the appropriate solvent. Use deionized water forwater-soluble contents. Use ethanol for ethanol-soluble contents, followed byrinses in deionized water. Rinse with other solvents as needed, followed byethanol and finally deionized water. If the glassware requires scrubbing, scrubwith a brush using hot soapy water, rinse thoroughly with tap water, followed byrinses with deionized water.
BuretsWash with hot soapy water, rinse thoroughly with tap water, then rinse 3-4times with deionized water. Be sure the final rinses sheet off of the glass.Burets need to be thoroughly clean to be used for quantitative labwork.
Pipets and Volumetric FlasksIn some cases, you may need to soak the glassware overnight in soapy water.Clean pipets and volumetric flasks using warm soapy water. The glassware mayrequire scrubbing with a brush. Rinse with tap water followed by 3-4 rinses withdeionized water.
Drying or Not Drying Glassware
Not DryingIt is inadvisable to dry glassware with a paper towel or forced air since this canintroduce fibers or impurities that can contaminate the solution. Normally youcan allow glassware to air dry on the shelf. Otherwise, if you are adding water tothe glassware, it is fine to leave it wet (unless it will affect the concentration ofthe final solution). If the solvent will be ether, you can rinse the glassware withethanol or acetone to remove the water, then rinse with the final solution toremove the alcohol or acetone.
Rinsing with Reagent
Rinsing with ReagentIf water will affect the concentration of the final solution, triple rinse theglassware with the solution.
Drying GlasswareIf glassware is to be used immediately after washing and must be dry, rinseit 2-3 times with acetone. This will remove any water and will evaporate

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