of about 600 to 1000 billion Rupees. The situation in most of theother developing countries is not much different from the situationin Sri Lanka and these countries are poor mainly due to financialcorruption in them. Therefore, in the context of developing worldcorruption and related anti-social activities have to be treated asdisasters, because they lead to poverty of their people and in turnpoverty reduces the ability of the society to plan and implementdisaster management systems.Social construct of disasterThe social construct of disaster can be personal and communal, butthe damage can be explained within the domains of scientificdefinition of disaster. It is clear that it is the effect not the scale of disaster which is important in the social construct of disaster in thedeveloping world. This is because that the effect of disaster in thedeveloping world has only a limited and temporary support fromthe institutional or any other system in them. Therefore,immediately after the clearance of the first impact of the disaster,people (communally or individually) have to find avenues of recovery by themselves. Long term recovery depends totally onthe ability of the people (communally or individually) to findsolutions to the problems associated with recovery. This isbecause decision making in disaster management in developingcountries are not conducted within the principles of disastermanagement. Therefore person, extended family and communityhave to gather help and support the victims. Therefore thedefinition of disaster has to be extended to include many disasterswhich are not considered to be disasters in the developed world.The following life experiences show the effect of disaster onpeople (communally or individually) in the developing world.Some of the incidents report less than 10lives lost and do notrequire outside help if they have occurred in the developed world,where social and insurance support is available. Therefore thisbook includes many types of disasters which are not listed asdisasters in the books written in the developed world.
have lived here for three generations, we never knew that
there will be a disaster like this” A plantation worker commenting
on Beragala Land Slide, which killed 13 people. Property damagewas estimated at 2 million Rupees at 1966 value.
the paddy fields are gone, our livelihoods are totally
destroyed” a farmer at Kolonne, Sri Lanka, after a mudslide
destroyed about 20 hectares of Paddy. 7 people lost their lives andproperty damage was about 10 million Rupees (1966 Rupee value).