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Creating Torrents

Creating Torrents

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Published by Jayita Ch

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Published by: Jayita Ch on May 27, 2010
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05/12/2014

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a (very) tiny BitTorrent client
 
 
 
How to Make a Torrent
Sharing in BitTorrent is a little more involved than with other P2P applications. This is the result of theprotocol that makes this distribution system so efficient. BitTorrent shares content by breaking it up in smallpieces and distributing them randomly between peers. Those peers then share these pieces with eachother. This saves the seed the trouble of sending the same pieces over and over to different peers andenables all the peers in a swarm to participate to the distribution of the files regardless of their percentage ofcompletion.In order for all those peers to know how to put all the pieces back in the right order and use the content,BitTorrent clients requires a special reference file called a
Torrent
. The torrent is what you download fromthe site and load into µTorrent. All the peers and seeds involved in the distribution of any given file have thematching torrent loaded into their client. In order to share your own content over the BitTorrent network you
 
need to create a torrent for this content.
Things to consider before hand
By now, we'll assume that you have downloaded a few torrents and are familiar with torrent indexing sites. Inorder to share your content, other people must have access to your torrent. The most common way to dothis it to upload to a torrent site.
 
Before you make a torrent, it would be wise to pick a site and review its policies and rules, whichcan be found in their FAQ section.
 
Your site of choice may have restrictions about content; some do not allow porn, some specialize inspecific type of content (such as music, or anime).
 
Your site of choice may also have some specific requirements about content and demand that youadd some extras to your torrent such as signature files and ads.
 
Some public sites require registration for uploading; all private sites do.
 
It is important to consider the size of your content for two reasons: first, not everyone has sufficientdisk space for very large torrents; and second, larger torrents require longer seeding times. In suchcases consider making multiple torrents based on some practical partition such as years, season,
 
parts.
 
Before making your torrent, select your content's location carefully as it will have to remain there
 
(during initial seeding at least).
 
The files in your content must not be modified after you have made the torrent, as this would causecorruption in the torrent.
 
 
Make sure the files are not in use while you make the torrent.
 
There is no need to compress multiple files into one archive. Many torrenters find it annoying. Italso requires twice the space: once for the original and once for the archive.
 
You may wish to make a torrent for exclusive distribution among friends and family. In such case,you may choose to distribute your torrent in some other manner.
Create a new Torrent 
You can make a new torrent easily using µTorrent's built-in torrent maker
 
 
 
 
µTorrent menu > File > Create a New torrent
 This opens the "Create a new .torrent" dialog box; all you need is to fill in the required information...
The Source
Here is where you specify the location of the content you wish to share. Before selecting the path chosewhether you are sharing a single file or multiple ones. If you are making a torrent with more then one filethose files must be located in a single folder, with nothing else in it.1. Select "Add a File" or "Add a directory."2. Browse your way to the location of file or directory you would like to share.
The Tracker
A tracker is an application or script on a system that relays connection information about peers on a giventorrent. However, it is most important since without it BitTorrent clients would not know how to find otherclients sharing the same files. µTorrent knows which tracker to contact by reading the announce URL in thetorrent. Trackers generally look like any other internet address(http//somewebaddress:portnumber/announce). If you need a tracker you may:
 
Check the site where you wish to upload the torrent.
 
Private sites usually provide their own tracker.
 
Public sites may also provide their own tracker, or include the URL of generic ones.
 
 
In a pinch, look at the properties of a torrent you have downloaded from the site you wish to useand copy the tracker from there (but in such a case wait to test the torrent out before uploading it to
 
the site as even those tracker may require you to have registered the torrent with them first).µTorrent supports HTTP and HTTPS (SSL) trackers. UDP trackers are not supported. µTorrent also
 
supports torrents with multiple trackers; trackers from the same server (with similar URLs) must be groupedtogether and those from different servers separated by a blank line.µTorrent contains an "embedded tracker" intended for people wishing to share with a small group for a shortperiod of time. This should not be used for sharing torrent over public or private sites, but only for privatestuff and over short periods of time (along the lines of family movies shared with friends and such).
 
The embedded tracker URL is: http://your_ip_address:port/announce (where your ip is yourcomputer's ip address and port is µTorrent's listening port)
 
The embedded tracker must be enabled in: µTorrent menu > options > preferences > Advanced >bt.enable_tracker: set to "true".
Warning:
Using the embedded tracker
requires
you to have the same IP address and the same port aslong as the torrent is active. This means if you use a dynamic IP and randomized port and get disconnectedfrom the internet, your IP and port will get reset, and the torrent
will die.
 
Comments
You may add a comment about the torrent (in µTorrent these comments appear at the bottom of the generaltab.)
Piece Size
When making a torrent, the content gets divided in small pieces for easier transfer and management. Youmay use this option to select the size of the pieces. As a rule, the larger the content the larger thepieces.
Most people should leave this setting to auto-detect
and allow µTorrent to make the properselection.
Others
 
"Start Seeding"
will automatically load the newly made torrent into µTorrent when you havecompleted the process. Some may wish to disable it if the site they are uploading to requires them

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