3ended up allowing the messengers to enter with Smith’s documents, and Léveillé wantedto remain there with his friends to assure their security until they were read before thepopulation that had assembled to hear them on 19 and 20 January 1870.Léveillé later became one of Riel’s most ardent partisans, and to erase the memory of the above-mentioned episode, he even gave Riel a rifle that cost $300. When W. B.O’Donoghue, General John O’Neill, General Thomas Curley and Colonel J.J. Donnellylaunched the so-called Fenian Raid into Manitoba in October of 1871 Léveillé waspresent at October 5
meetings at Riel’s house in St. Vital to decide whether theMetis were going to support the government against O’Donoghue. Ambroise Lépine,Pierre Léveillé, Elzéar de la Gimodière, l’honorable Dauphinais and Angus McKay sidedwith Louis Riel in deciding to convince the Metis people to support the government.
When it was time to conclude the treaties with the Indian tribes of Manitoba and theNorthwest, he assisted Joseph-Alfred-Norbert Provencher in his negotiations with thesetribes in 1873, and according to Alexander Begg, “He rendered great services and helpedassure [the treaties] final success.”
Magnus Bernard Birston
(b. 1828)Birston was a Scottish Half-Breed from St. François Xavier, the son of WilliamBirston and Angélique Bercier dit Marchand. He has been described as one of the leadersof the “English Plains Buffalo Hunt” along with William Hallett. He was married toMadeleine Paul (b. 1828). Birston had been appointed to the Council of Assiniboia onAugust 6, 1868. The Council existed for 35 years, 1835-1870. He was the St. Pauldelegate to the Convention of Forty.On October 10 1885, he was tried for treason-felony at Regina for his Resistanceactivities at Duck Lake on 26
March and 3
April 1885. He appeared before JudgeRichardson on Monday October 26, 1885 and the judge stated that although someevidence weighed against the prisoner there were some favourable points for him, andsitting as a juror he could not convict. He warned the prisoner to be more careful of himself in the future. He was the only Metis other than Riel to go to trial.Hillyard Mitchell had left Birston in charge of his store at Duck Lake before thebattle there. Birston may have looted the store and burnt down Mitchell’s house but therewas little evidence.
François Xavier Genthon
(1815)François was born on January 1, 1815, the son of Michel Genthon dit Dauphinaisand Victoire Ouelette. He first married Françoise Paul the daughter of Paul Paul andMarguerite Lavallée. They had eleven children. He was then married to MargueriteMorin, the daughter of Louis Morin and Marguerite Malaterre (1882). He was a FrenchHalf-Breed who served as the St. François Xavier delegate to the 1869 Convention andthen became vice-president of the Provisional Government, 8 January 1870. He was laterappointed to Manitoba’s Legislative Council (Upper House) in 1871. During the post1870 “reign of terror” he, Peter Poitras and Pierre Pagée were arrested and jailed byWolseley’s troops.
Aux Sources de L’Histoire Manitobaine
. Québec: L’Êvénement, 1907 : 107-109.