A signal which is known by only in terms of probabilistic description, such as mean value, mean squaredvalue, rather than its complete mathematical or graphical description is a random signal.
What are the basic components of any communication system?
There are three basic components of any communication system. They are-
Define – channel BW.
The BW of a channel is the range of frequencies that it can transmit with reasonable fidelity.
Is continuous time signal is an analog and discrete time signal is a digital signal?
Not necessarily.Continuous time and discrete time signal quantify the nature of a signal along time axis whereas,Analog and Digital signal quantify the nature of the signal amplitude.
Transducer transforms one form of energy into another form of energy. Mobile phone is an example of transducer because it changes EM signal into electrical signal.
Why digital communication system is advantageous over analog communication system?
Because – i.Digital ckt is relatively inexpensiveii.Digital systems are easy to design and can be fabricated on IC chips (so small size).iii.Information storage is easy.iv.Operation can programmable to updatev.Privacy is preserved by encryptionvi.It is easy to multiplex several digital signalsvii.Noise does not accumulate from repeater to repeater viii.Error detection and correction schemes are available
What are the Disadvantages of digital communication system?
More BW is required and synchronization is required.
What are the analog to digital signal conversion processes?
Sampling, quantization and coding.
Define Sampling theorem.
Sampling Theorem / Nyquist theorem:"If the maximum frequency of any signal spectrum is B (Hz), then the signal can be reconstructed from itssamples taken at the rate of not less than 2B samples per second."i.e. the sampling rate must be at least two times the highest frequency contained in the signal
Define – Sampling process:
Continuous-time signal is converted to Discrete-time signal obtained by taking samples of the continuous-time signal at discrete-time instants.
Define – Quantization process.
The sampled signal is rounded off to the nearest value which is permitted for transmission. The roundingoff process is called quantization. Quantization converts discrete time continuous valued signal intodiscrete time discrete valued signal.
Define –coding process.
In the coding process, each discrete value is represented by a b-bit binary sequence.
How analog signal can be obtained from digital signal? / DA conversion process?
From the digital system analog signal may be recovered from the flat-top PAM signal by using low-pass-filter.Define – Randomness.Randomness means unpredictability or uncertainty of the outcome.2