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Site Master

Site Master

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Published by Dr. Hatem MOKHTARI

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Published by: Dr. Hatem MOKHTARI on May 27, 2010
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04/18/2013

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Key words : Return Loss, Antenna, Connectors, Feeder__________________________________________________________
Site Master Measurements :Guidelines and Recommendations
October 9
th
, 2002
 
Version 1.0
Dr. Hatem MOKHTARI
Strictly Confidential _________________________________________________________________________________
1/10
 
 
Key words : Return Loss, Antenna, Connectors, Feeder__________________________________________________________
1.
 
 Background 
Site Master has been extensively used within Ben and THE OPERATOR toaccurately deploy their networks and avoid Downlink Power outage/mismatch.Site Master is used not only for site commissioning but during maintenance andsubsequent checking further to O&M monitoring as well. The document intends togive common guidelines for what to measure in view of reducing the amount of parameters to be measured, and keeping a reliable and high quality site productionprocess.
 2.
 
Scope of Work
The scope of work is to provide guidelines using relevant measurements to reachthe required quality in terms of Return Loss and Distance to Fault measurementsusing Site Master. Furthermore, we also attempt to get a common agreement withregards to the values we can tolerate for :i)
 
 Return Loss (e.g. -30 dB)ii)
 
Feeder Cable Loss (e. g. <= 3 dB)iii)
 
Cable Length Accuracy (e. g. between 1 and 5 %)
 3.
 
 Introduction
Site Master measurements have become more and more widespread within thetelecommunications arena. Most Operators use it either for commissioning orsubsequent monitoring. THE OPERATOR/Ben/THE OPERATOR need to havecommon tools and procedures, especially when we are dealing with the quality of the sites being deployed. To fully cope with both THE OPERATOR and Benexpectations, a number of RF parameters have to be clearly explained. With SiteMaster numerous things can be done, but to speed-up the production of UMTSsites we will attempt to focus on the most relevant and rather importantparameters.Obviously, the aim is to update the Planning Tool with the accurate feeder lossvalues but also to prevent high power outage.
4.
 
Technical Input4.1. Site Master Measurements
With Site Master the following measurements are possible :a)
 
Attenuation of Complete Transmission Line
Purpose : Check if the overall loss (bottom-jumper + Feeder + Top-Jumper)does not exceed, say 3 dB. How : Short-cut loaded Transmission line (bottom-jumper + Feeder + Top- Jumper). Return Loss measured and taken at frequency such that the Returnloss is the maximum (absolute value for worst case frequency).
Strictly Confidential _________________________________________________________________________________
2/10
 
 
Key words : Return Loss, Antenna, Connectors, Feeder__________________________________________________________
 Importance :
 High
 
 Reason :
Cable Loss will be used for accurate propagation and linkbudget calculations to reflect the real situation.
b)
 
Length of Complete Transmission Line
Purpose : Check cable length loss (bottom-jumper + Feeder + Top-Jumper)and compare with the planned one How : Short-cut loaded Transmission line (bottom-jumper + Feeder + Top- Jumper) and Site Master set on DTF/Return Loss and connected to jumper 1(see ANNEX 1). A graph (return Loss vs Distance) is displayed. Only one Marker is used : Maximum Return loss leads to an accurate lengthcorresponding to this maximum value. Importance :
 Low
 
 Reason :
RF Planning does not need this info provided that feeder loss issupplied. However, for our Mams Database and site tracking this should beimportant.
c)
 
Frequency Domain Return Loss for Complete Transmission Line
Purpose : Check if the total return loss of the whole transmission line isbelow, say -24 dB (0.4% maximum power reflection). How : A Matched Load is used with the whole Transmission line. Return Lossmeasured in point 1 (see ANNEX 1). A single marker is used corresponding tothe maximum return loss. Importance :
Very High
 
 Reason :
If we agree on a maximum overall return loss of -24 dB then we need to check whether this specification is met using this measurement. Otherwise,one of the elements is faulty (i.e. connectors and/or jumpers or feeder).
d)
 
Distance Domain Return Loss for Complete Transmission Line
Purpose : Check the return loss of each separate component is belowmaximum admissible values. How : A Matched Load used on connector 4 and two Markers are used. One for bottom jumper and one for top-jumper. Maximum values are then takenand compared to the specifications (to be agreed upon !)
THE OPERATOR Specifies the following (Maximum values : -36 dB for feeders and -32.5 dB for connectors)
Strictly Confidential _________________________________________________________________________________
3/10
 

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