3network). A new network is usually capacity limited in urban areas and coverage limitedoutside of urban areas.
Network traffic is not evenly spread. There are traffic peaks, "busy hours", usually around 10a.m. and 3 p.m. but as the number of non-business subscribers increase, traffic gets more andmore evenly spread over time. A network has to be dimensioned according to the "busy hour"traffic.In order to simplify the capacity calculation some assumptions should be made. Firstly, trafficis evenly distributed over the target area. Secondly, all the subscribers in the target area sharethe same quality targets. This means that the base stations have some common parameters (e.g.location probability, blocking probability, bandwidth, frequency reuse number). In addition tothat there are some parameters that should be defined individually for different type of basestations (e.g. propagation model, output power and antenna height).The purpose of the capacity calculation is to define the number of TRXs needed to handlecertain traffic load with given blocking probability. The number of carriers, and hence thenumber of channels, that are available depends on the available bandwidth. In GSM systemeach channel is allowed to use 200 kHz. For example if the bandwidth is 5 MHz, the number of channels is 25. The number of carriers that can be used per sector depends on the frequencyreuse number. Each TRX operates on certain carrier. Again, if the bandwidth is 5 MHz andreuse is 12, the number of TRXs per sector is 2.08 according to the equation below.50212208
The number of TRXs per sector and blocking probability define the amount of traffic that onesector can handle. The number of the timeslots per TRX that are allocated for traffic dependson the planning solution and should be noticed. Traffic per one sector with given blockingprobability can be calculated by using Erlang B formula, see Table 1 below for some examplevalues.