Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword or section
Like this
12Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Carbon Footprint Report

Carbon Footprint Report

Ratings:

4.86

(7)
|Views: 1,802 |Likes:
Published by peter
Brookings released a report that ranks the carbon footprint of the nation’s top 100 metropolitan areas.
Brookings released a report that ranks the carbon footprint of the nation’s top 100 metropolitan areas.

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: peter on Jun 03, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/15/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 
S
HRINKING THE
C
ARBON
F
OOTPRINTOF
M
ETROPOLITAN
A
MERICA
 
ByMarilyn A. BrownFrank SouthworthAndrea SarzynskiMay 2008
 
 
2
BROOKINGS ·
 
May 2008
 
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
Executive Summary 3
 
I.
 
Introduction 5
 
II.
 
The Climate Challenge Facing Metropolitan America Has Many Facets 7
 
III.
 
New Research Quantifies the Partial Carbon Footprint of MetropolitanAmerica 13
 
IV.
 
The Federal Government Must Lead on Climate Policy 27
 
V.
 
Current Federal Policy on Climate Change is Inadequate and in SomeInstances Flawed 31
 
VI.
 
State and Local Governments are Taking the Lead on Climate Policy, ButTheir Efforts Must Be Complemented By Expanded Federal Action 39
 
VII. The Federal Government Must Take Action to Address Market Failures andHelp Metropolitan America Shrink its Carbon Footprint 44
 
VIII.
 
Conclusion 54
 
Appendix A: Carbon Footprint Results for 100 Metropolitan Areas 56
 
Appendix B: Description of Data Gaps 64
 
Notes 67
 
 
 
3
BROOKINGS ·
 
May 2008
 
E
XECUTIVE
S
UMMARY
 
America’s carbon footprint is expanding. With a growing population andan expanding economy, America’s settlement area is widening, and as it does,Americans are driving more, building more, consuming more energy, andemitting more carbon. Rising energy prices, growing dependence on importedfuels, and accelerating global climate change make the nation’s growth patternsunsustainable.Metropolitan America is poised to play a leadership role in addressingthese energy and environmental challenges. However, federal policy actions areneeded to achieve the full potential of metropolitan energy and climate solutions.
America’s Challenge
The nation’s carbon footprint has a distinct geography not well understoodor often discussed. This report quantifies transportation and residential carbonemissions for the 100 largest U.S. metropolitan areas, finding that metro arearesidents have smaller carbon footprints than the average American, althoughmetro footprints vary widely. Residential density and the availability of publictransit are important to understanding carbon footprints, as are the carbonintensity of electricity generation, electricity prices, and weather.
Limitations of Existing Policies
Numerous market and policy distortions inhibit metropolitan actors frommore aggressively addressing the nation’s climate challenge. Economy-wideproblems include underpriced energy, underfunded energy research, missingfederal standards, distorted utility regulations, and inadequate information.Policy impediments include a bias against public transit, inadequate federalleadership on freight and land-use planning, failure to encourage energy- andlocation-efficient housing decisions, and the fragmentation of federaltransportation, housing, energy, and environmental policies.
A New Federal Approach
Federal policy could play a powerful role in helping metropolitan areas—and so the nation—shrink their carbon footprint further. In addition to economy-wide policies to motivate action, five targeted policies are particularly importantwithin metro areas and for the nation as a whole:
!
 
Promote more transportation choices
to expand transit and compactdevelopment options

Activity (12)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
N Saudah Zulkfli liked this
N Saudah Zulkfli liked this
samrerng7334 liked this
anourav liked this
Austin Troy liked this
Roy_Shantanu liked this
biogas1 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->