INTRODUCTIONTransportation models play an important role in logistics andsupply chain management for reducing cost and improvingservice. Therefore, the goal is to find the most cost effectiveway to transport the goods. Transportation problems areamong the most pressingstrategic developmentproblems inmany cities, often a major constraint for long-term urbandevelopment ingeneral, and very closely related to landdevelopment, economicstructure,energypolicies, andenvironmental quality. Since all citizens are either enjoyingthetransportation system or, and often at the same time,suffering from it, it is an important element of the urban qualityof life.The transportation problems is generally to be solved ,dealswith inefficiency of urban transportation systems andunderlying land use patterns, whichnegatively affect quality of life, economic efficiency, and the environment; the high(andoften hidden) costs of urban transportation in both socio-economic andenvironmental terms; and in particular theenvironmental consequences both in termsof physical aspectsthat include land and resource use, ecological aspects,andhuman health problems.Efficient tools for comprehensivestrategic analysis that are directly useful to cityadministrationsare lacking. New strategies for sustainable mobility requirewellbalanced combinations of measures with impacts on
improved land-use/economic development planning;
improved planning, management and use of transportinfrastructures andfacilities; incorporation of the realcosts of both infrastructure and environment ininvestment policies and decisions and also in user costs;
development of public transport and improvement of itscompetitive position ,continued technical improvement of vehicles and fuels.
incentives for the use of less polluting fuels; promotion of a more environmentally rational use of the private car,including behavioural changes.These problems can only be addressed with a consistent andcomprehensiveapproach and planning methodology that helpsto design strategies for sustainablecities. This has to include anintegration of socio-economic, environmental andtechnologicalconcepts including the development, integration,anddemonstration ofmethodologies to improve forecasting,assessment and strategic policy level decision