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Image Processing

Image Processing

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Published by diego_rolando1991

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Published by: diego_rolando1991 on May 28, 2010
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11/21/2012

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PDF generated using the open source mwlib toolkit. See http://code.pediapress.com/ for more information.PDF generated at: Thu, 27 May 2010 21:40:25 UTC
Image Processing
 
Contents
Articles
Introduction
1
Image1Pixel2Image processing9Digital image processing11Optical character recognition14
Applications
18
Computer vision18Optical sorting25Augmented Reality26Face detection37Feature detection (computer vision)39Lane departure warning system44Non-photorealistic rendering47Medical image processing50Microscope image processing57Morphological image processing59Remote sensing67Medical imaging74
References
Article Sources and Contributors81Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors83
Article Licenses
License84
 
1
Introduction
Image
Definition of 
image
and
imagery
, from ThomasBlount's
Glossographia Anglicana Nova
, 1707.The top image is captured using photography.The bottom image is rendered. Images areproduced by capturing or rendering.
An
image
(from Latin
imago
) is an artifact, for example atwo-dimensional
picture
, that has a similar appearance to somesubject
 —
usually a physical object or a person.
Characteristics
Images may be two-dimensional, such as a photograph, screen display,and as well as a three-dimensional, such as a statue. They may be
captured 
by optical devices
 —
such as cameras, mirrors, lenses,telescopes, microscopes, etc. and natural objects and phenomena, suchas the human eye or water surfaces.The word
image
is also used in the broader sense of anytwo-dimensional figure such as a map, a graph, a pie chart, or anabstract painting. In this wider sense, images can also be
rendered 
manually, such as by drawing, painting, carving, renderedautomatically by printing or computer graphics technology, ordeveloped by a combination of methods, especially in apseudo-photograph.A volatile image is one that exists only for a short period of time. Thismay be a reflection of an object by a mirror, a projection of a cameraobscura, or a scene displayed on a cathode ray tube. A fixed image,also called a hard copy, is one that has been recorded on a materialobject, such as paper or textile by photography or digital processes.A mental image exists in an individual's mind: something oneremembers or imagines. The subject of an image need not be real; itmay be an abstract concept, such as a graph, function, or "imaginary"entity. For example, Sigmund Freud claimed to have dreamed purely inaural-images of dialogs. The development of synthetic acoustictechnologies and the creation of sound art have led to a considerationof the possibilities of a sound-image made up of irreducible phonicsubstance beyond linguistic or musicological analysis.A still image is a single static image, as distinguished from a moving image (see below). This phrase is used inphotography, visual media and the computer industry to emphasize that one is not talking about movies, or in veryprecise or pedantic technical writing such as a standard.A film still is a photograph taken on the set of a movie or television program during production, used forpromotional purposes.

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