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MATERI 2 kalkulus

MATERI 2 kalkulus

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Published by irfan arachman

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Published by: irfan arachman on May 29, 2010
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Suplemen kurikulum 1999 dan KTSP UN 2008
SMKN 2 WONOGIRI
1
LIMIT
A. Pengertian limit di suatu titikMisalkan fungsi f(x) didefinisikan disekitarx = a maka
( )
LxfaxLim
=
jika dan hanya jika
( ) ( )
LxfaxLimxfaxLim
==
+
( )
LxfaxLim
=
biasa disebut limit kiri
( )
LxfaxLim
=
+
biasa disebut limit kananContoh :Nilai dari
....1x32x62xLim
=++
Jawab :
271412.3 22.6 1x32x62xLim
==++=++
Ingat :
;0;; 00
0
bukan merupakanharga limitB. LIMIT FUNGSI ALJABAR1. Menentukan limit fungsi aljabarberbentuk
( )( )
xgxfaxLim
Contoh :
1x5x4x 1xLim
2
+
=
( )( )
1x1x5x 1xLim
++
=
5x1xLim
= - 1 – 5 = - 6Aturan L’Hospital
( )( )
xgxfaxLim
=
( )( )
x'gx'faxLim
1x5x4x 1xLim
2
+
=
14x21xLim
= 2 (-1) – 4= - 62. Menentukan limit fungsi aljabarberbentuk
( )( )
xgxfxLim
a.Membagi dengan pangkat tertinggi
.........xbxb .........xaxa xLim
1n2n11m2m1
++++
Jika m = n maka
111n2n11m2m1
ba.........xbxb .........xaxa xLim
=++++
Jika m > n maka
=++++
.........xbxb .........xaxa xLim
1n2n11m2m1
Jika m < n maka
0.........xbxb .........xaxa xLim
1n2n11m2m1
=++++
Contoh :a.
248x4x39 1x6x2x8 xLim
3223
==+++
b.
=+++
4225
x4x39 1x6x2x3 xLim
c.
0x3x39 1x6x2x3 xLim
6225
=+++
2. Bentuk
edxaxcbxax xLim
22
++±++
a2dbedxaxcbxax xLim
22
=++±++
Contoh :
22122xx35x2x3 xLim
22
=++±++
=
22.221
= ¼
2C. LIMIT FUNGSI TRIGONOMETRI
1xxsin0xLim
=
1xsinx0xLim
=
1xxtan0xLim
=
1xtanx0xLim
=
babxaxsin0xLim
=
babxsinax0xLim
=
babxaxtan0xLim
=
babxtanax0xLim
=
Remember !sin 2x = 2 sin x cos x1 cos x = 2 sin
2
½x1 – cos 2x = 2 sin
2
xcontoh :
34x3x4sin0xLim
=
23x2tanx30xLim
=
x.x.2 x2sin.x2sin 0xLimx4x2sin2 0xLimx41x4cos 0xLim
222
==
= ½ . 2 . 2 = 2
( )( ) ( )
hhfhxf 0hLimx'f
+=
f’(x) selanjutnya disebut turunan pertamadari f(x)
 
Suplemen kurikulum 1999 dan KTSP UN 2008
SMKN 2 WONOGIRI
2
TURUNAN
DEFERENSIAL
A.TurunanRumus TurunanFungsiTurunan fungsiy = cy= 0y = cxy= cy = ax
n
y’ = n.ax
n-1
y = u(x)
±
v(x)
y’ = u’(x)
±
v’(x)
y = u . vy= uv+vu
vuy
=
2
vu'vv'u y
=
y = sin axy= acos axy = cos axy= - asin axy = f(g(x))
y’ = f’(g(x)).g’(x)
Contoh :Turunan pertama dari :f(x) = 5x
3
- 2
x adalah ... .f(x) = 5x
3
– 2x
1/2
f’(x) = 3 . 5 x
3-1
– ½ . 2 x
1/2-1
f’(x) = 15x
2
– x
-1/2
Turunan pertama dari :f(x) = 6x
2
. sin 4x adalah ... .f’(x) = 12x . sin 4x + 4 cos 4x . 6x
2
f’(x) = 12x sin 4x + 24x
2
cos 4xTurunan pertama dari :
5x21x3y
+=
adalah ... .
5x21x3y
+=
( ) ( )( )
2
5x21x325x23 'y
++=
( )
2
5x22x615x6 'y
+++=
( )
2
5x217'y
+=
Turunan pertama dari :y = sin
4
(3x+5) adalah ... .y’= 4 sin
3
(3x+5) . cos (3x + 5) . 3y’= 12 sin
3
(3x+5) . cos (3x + 5)y’= 6.2.sin(3x+5).cos(3x+5) sin
2
(3x+5)y’= 6 sin 2(3x+5) . sin
2
(3x+5)y’= 6 sin (6x+10) . sin
2
(3x+5)B. Persamaan garis singgung pada kurvaPersamaan garis singgung pada kurva y = f(x)di titik A(x
1
,y
1
) pada kurvay – y
1
= m(x – x
1
)dimana m = y’(x
1
)Contoh :Tentukan persamaan garis singgung padakurva y = 3x
2
– 2x + 1 di titik yang berabsis 1x = 1
y = 3 . 1
2
– 2 . 1 + 1 = 2m = y’ = 6x – 2x = 1
m = 6 . 1 – 2 = 4y – y
1
= m (x – x
1
)y – 2 = 4 (x – 1)y = 4x – 4 + 2y = 4x – 2C. Fungsi Naik dan fungsi turunKurva fungsi y = f(x) pada suatu interval :
Naik jika f’(x) > 0
Turun jika f’(x) < 0
Stasioner (tidak naik dan tidakturun) jika f’(x) = 0Contoh :Diketahui fungsi f(x) = x
3
+3x
2
–24x-15Tentukan : interval fungsi naik, dan nilaistasionernyaFungsi naik : f’(x) > 03x
2
+ 6x – 24 > 0x
2
+ 2x – 8 > 0(x + 4)(x – 2) > 0x
1
= - 4 atau x
2
= 2+++++ ---------- ++++++-4 2Fungsi naik jika x < - 4 atau x > 2Stasioner maksimumUntuk x = - 4y = x
3
+ 3x
2
– 24x – 15y = (-4)
3
+ 3(-4)
2
– 24(-4) – 15y = - 64 + 48 + 96 - 15y = 65Titik maksimum (-4,65)Stasioner minimumUntuk x = 2y = x
3
+ 3x
2
– 24x – 15y = 2
3
+ 3 .2
2
– 24.2 – 15y = 8 + 12 – 48 – 15y = - 43Titik minimum (2 ,- 43)
 
Suplemen kurikulum 1999 dan KTSP UN 2008
SMKN 2 WONOGIRI
3
INTEGRAL
ANTI TURUNAN
A.Integral Tak TentuRumus-rumus Pengintegralan
a.
∫ ++=
+
1n;C 1nxdxx
1nn
b.
∫ =
dxxadxax
nn
c.
∫ +=∫ =
Cxlndx x1dxx
1
d.Caxdxa
+∫ =
e.
[
∫ ±=±
dx)x(gdx)x(fdx)x(g)x(f
Contoh :
1.Integralkan : (6x – 1Jawab :2.Tentukan
dxxx1
∫       +
Jawab :
Cxx32x2Cx32x2dxxxdxx x1
23212121
++=++=∫       +=      +
B.Integral Tertentu
∫ +
10
dx²)x3x2(
1.Luas Daerah
a. Luas Daerah Antara Kurva dan Sumbu X
a b
Contoh :
Tentukan luas daerah yg dibatasi oleh kurvay = 3x²+4x+1 sumbu X, garis x = 1 dan x = 3!
Jawab :
[ ]
luassatuan44448)121()31827( )1²1.21()3²3.23( x²x2x dx)1x4²x3(L
3331331
==++++= ++++= ++=∫ ++=
b. Menentukan Luas Antara dua KurvaContoh :
1)Hitunglah luas daerah yang dibatasi olehkurva y = x² - 2x dan garis y = 2x!
Jawab :
Perpotongan kedua kurva :y = x² - 2x; y = 2xx² - 2x = 2xx² - 2x – 2x = 0x² - 4x = 0x (x – 4) = 0x = 0 atau x = 4Sehingga batas integrasinya x = 0 dan x = 4
( ) ( )
[ ]
∫ =∫ +=∫ =∫ =
404040ba
dx²)xx4( dx)x2²xx2( dx})x2²x(x2{L dxxgxfL
Cx²x6x12 Cx²x 212x336dx)1x12²x36(dx1x6(
33
++= ++= ∫ +=
[
∫ ==
baba
)a(F)b(F)x(Fdx)x(f
[
20)11( )0²0()1²1( x²xdx²)x3x2(
30310103
=+= ++= +=+
∫ 
y = f(x)Xy
∫ =
ba
dx)x(fL
Xy00 a b yy = f(x)y = g(x)
[ ]
∫ 
=
ba
dx xg x f  L
)()(
0 2 y = x² -y = 2x
x

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