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Life History and Ecological Guide to the Coast Redwood

Life History and Ecological Guide to the Coast Redwood

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Published by: Friends of Santa Cruz State Parks on May 29, 2010
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10/28/2010

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Life History and Ecological Guide to theCoast Redwood,
Sequoia sempervirens
 
for
Natural History Instructors, Interpretive Specialists,and Docents
IncludingThe Plant Communities, Biota, and Topography of theMangels Ranch Area of the Forest of Nisene Marks State ParkDaniel J. MillerAugust, 2005
 
ENDORSEMENTS
Heather Butler
, Director of the Web of Life Field (WOLF) School, a K-8
th
gradeenvironmental education outdoor school:“Dan Miller’s Redwood Guide is highly recommended for aspiring naturalists,teachers, and docents working in redwood regions. From basic terminology to updated figures(Which IS the tallest redwood?), the information in this Guide provides an excellentbackground in the natural history of the redwood even for instructors lacking a formal sciencebackground.”
John Evarts
, Publisher, Cachuma Press:“Dan Miller’s
 Life History and Ecological Guide to the Coast Redwood 
(Sequoiasempervirens), contains a wealth of information about the world’s tallest tree. Mr. Miller hascreated this guide as an aid to teachers, docents, and others who are entrusted with the all-important task of awakening appreciation for the redwood trees and ecosystems. Illustratedwith clear and informative drawings, this Guide is a valuable educational resource.
Reed Noss
, David-Shine Professor of Conservation Biology, University of Central Florida:“Daniel Miller has produced an informative and enchanting guide to the life historyand ecology of the coast redwood, the world’s tallest tree. The rich natural historicalinformation contained in this book will be of interest to teachers, students of all ages,conservationists, and anyone else who stands in awe of these remarkable trees.”
Thom Sutfin
, Forest Manager of the Soquel Demonstration State Forest, CaliforniaDepartment of Forestry and Fire Protection:“Dan Miller’s Guide is an amazing compilation of information on Coast Redwood.Nature lovers will find it fascinating.”
Randy Widera
, Executive Director, Friends of Santa Cruz State Parks:“In my 18 years of interpreting the Redwoods of the Santa Cruz Mountains I havenever run across a guide to the Redwoods as comprehensive and regionally significant as Mr.Miller’s
 Life History and Ecological Guide to the Coast Redwood 
. This is not a guide to readthrough once and glean a few facts, it is a conversation with the reader and a challenge to look past myths of this grand tree to the even more amazing understandings that are beinguncovered to this day. By focusing his skills as a scientist on a place that has literally been hisback yard for over 40 years he brings to us in this guide a wonderful blend of individualpassion and insightful first hand observations.”Copyright, © 2005 by Daniel J. MillerNo part of this Guide can be reproduced without permission from the author. Copies can bemade for and by natural history instructors, interpreters, docents, and students, but not sold forprofit. Drawings are by the author. Contact: Dan Miller, 735 Cathedral Dr. Aptos CA 95003.The Guide was being formatted and edited for pdf down-loading by Heather Butler, PatriciaSmith, Scott Miller, and Randy Widera:
www.scparkfriends.org
 
 
CONTENTS
 Listing of Figures and Tables (iv) Acknowledgements (v)Why I Wrote the Guide (vi)California State Park Department Request (viii)Primary Value of the Guide (x)
Changes in Cultural Values Regarding the Redwood 1Scope and Format of the Guide 4SECTION I. Defining the Ecosystem and Topography for the Mangels Ranch area 7Plant Communities 7Vegetative Climax and Seral Stages 8Topography, Geology, and Climate 9East and West Facing Slopes of the Mangels Ranch Area 10Soil Types, Floods, Landslides, and Slump Jumbles 12SECTION II. Summary of Redwood Structures and Adaptations 14The Redwood as a “Superlative” Tree 14Is the Official Common Name
Redwood
or
Coast Redwood
? 14The Public’s Imagery of the Redwood 14Official State Trees, and The Tallest Tree in the World 15Maximum Diameters of the Redwood and Giant Sequoia 15Maximum Ages of Redwood and Other Very Old Trees and Plants 16Basic Redwood Structures and Adaptations 16-24 (Figures 4.1-4.17)Forests, Stands, and Groves 25Treefall Gap, Root-pull Pit, and Rootwad 25Harvesting Effects: Percent Remaining of Old-growth Redwood 26Definition of an Old-growth Redwood Tree 27Forestry Criteria of the Extent of Logging 28Unlogged Old-growth Forests - First Generation Redwoods 28Residual Old-growth and Residual Second Growth - 29Second-growth Forest - Second Generation Trees 30Third-growth Forest - Third Generation Trees 30Redwood Distribution - Past and Present 31Sea Salt Desiccation 31Seed Germination 31Survival of Seedlings 33Tannins and Phenolics 33Micorrhizae 33Determining the Age of a Redwood 33Official Size Classification of Redwood Trees Based on dbh Diameter 34Nursery Logs, Nurse Trees, and Nurse Plants 34Role of Fog Drip 37(ii)

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