Myocardial infarction (often called a coronary thrombosis or heart attack) is the most severe and lethal form of coronary heart disease.
This implies death of the heart muscle. Secondary to coronary artery disease, there is infarction of the heart muscle.
Coronary (Ischaemic) heart disease (IHD) is the result of progressive myocardial ischaemia due to persistently reduced coronary blood flow, usually because of atherosclerosis (atheroma).
- High fat diets (hyperlipidaemia)
- Lack of exercise
- Genetic component (in some cases)
- Diabetes mellitus
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