Quality inherent in the denture that resist the
vertical forces of dislodgement (e.g. force of gravity, the
adhesiveness of foods or the forces associated with the opening of
the jaws ).
2. Physiological factors
3. Physical factors
4. Mechanical factors
5. Surgical factors
6. Psychological factors
a) Maximum coverage of the basal seat area
b) Quality of the denture bearing area, if the ridges are parallel
& well formed better the retention
c) Oral \u2013 facial musculature
d) Neuro \u2013 muscular control
- The polished surface of the dentures are properly shaped
For the oral & facial musculature to be most effective in
providing retention for complete denture.
The following condition must be met,
-Capillarity or Capillary attraction
- Version of adhesion is observed between denture bases and mucous membrane themselves which is seen in patients with xerostomia
than oral mucosa but once coated by salivary pellicle
their surface tension reduced Stefan proposed a
formula to calculate the interfacial surface tension
F= Interfacial surface tension
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