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RETENTION Stability Support Prostho

RETENTION Stability Support Prostho

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Published by FourthMolar.com

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Published by: FourthMolar.com on May 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Quality inherent in the denture that resist the
vertical forces of dislodgement (e.g. force of gravity, the
adhesiveness of foods or the forces associated with the opening of
the jaws ).

Factor involved in the retention of the denture\u2013
The factor that affects retention can be classified as,
1. Anatomical factors

2. Physiological factors
3. Physical factors
4. Mechanical factors
5. Surgical factors
6. Psychological factors

1) Anatomical factors \u2013

a) Maximum coverage of the basal seat area
b) Quality of the denture bearing area, if the ridges are parallel
& well formed better the retention
c) Oral \u2013 facial musculature
d) Neuro \u2013 muscular control

It can supply supplementary retentive forces provided that,
-The teeth are position in the neutral zone between the cheeks

& tongue.
- The polished surface of the dentures are properly shaped
For the oral & facial musculature to be most effective in
providing retention for complete denture.
The following condition must be met,

-The denture bases must be properly extended to cover the
maximum area possible without interfering in the health &
function of the structure that surrounds the denture.
-The occlusal plane must be at the correct level.
-The arch form of the teeth must be in the neutral zone
between the tongue & cheeks.
-2) Physiological factor\u2013
Saliva \u2013
-Thick, high mucin saliva is more viscous than watery saliva.
-Thick secretion usually do not result in increased retention
between watery, serous saliva can be interposed in a thinner
film than more cohesive mucin secretions.
3) Physical factors
-Interfacial surface tension

-Capillarity or Capillary attraction
-Atmospheric pressure

Adhesion \u2013
- is the physical attraction of unlike molecules for
each other
-Adhesion acts when saliva wax stick to the bases
surfaces of the denture
-Effectiveness of adhesion depends on close
adaptation of the denture base to the supporting tissue
and fluidity of the saliva

- Version of adhesion is observed between denture bases and mucous membrane themselves which is seen in patients with xerostomia

- is a physical attraction of like molecules for each other
- is layer of saliva is present in between the denture base
And oral mucous membrane
Interfacial surface tension \u2013
- is a thin layer of fluid that is present between two
parallel planes of rigid materials
-all denture base materials have higher surface tension

than oral mucosa but once coated by salivary pellicle
their surface tension reduced Stefan proposed a
formula to calculate the interfacial surface tension

According to Stefan\u2019s low,
F = (3/2 )IIkr

F= Interfacial surface tension

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